Now showing items 449-468 of 586

    • Recombinant PrPSc shares structural features with brain-derived PrPSc: Insights from limited proteolysis 

      Sevillano, Alejandro M.; Fernández-Borges, Natalia; Younas, Neelam; Wang, Fei; Elezgarai, Saioa R.; Bravo, Susana; Vázquez-Fernández, Ester; Rosa, Isaac; Eraña, Hasier; Gil, David; Veiga, Sonia; Vidal, Enric; Erickson-Beltran, Melissa L.; Requena, Jesús R.
      Very solid evidence suggests that the core of full length PrPSc is a 4-rung β-solenoid, and that individual PrPSc subunits stack to form amyloid fibers. We recently used limited proteolysis to map the β-strands and connecting ...
    • Reduction of androstenone perception in pan‐fried boar meat by different masking strategies 

      Egea, Macarena; Linares, María Belén; Gil, Marta; López, María Belén; Garrido, María Dolores
      BACKGROUND Consumers highly sensitive to androstenone María (AND) will probably reject meat from entire male pigs, which tends to have high levels of this hormone. To avoid this, the effect of different masking strategies ...
    • Relationship between Salmonella infection, shedding and serology in fattening pigs in low–moderate prevalence areas 

      San Román, B.; Garrido, V.; Sánchez, S.; Martínez‐Ballesteros, I.; Garaizar, J.; Mainar-Jaime, R. C.; Migura-Garcia, L.; Grilló, M. J.
      Salmonella is a major foodborne pathogen causing important zoonosis worldwide. Pigs asymptomatically infected in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) can be intermittent shedders of the pathogen through faeces, being considered a ...
    • Relative bioavailability of DL and L-methionine in broilers 

      Esteve-Garcia, Enric; Khan, Daulat Rehman
      Studies on the relative bioavailability (RBV) of DL-Methionine (DL-Met) to L-Methionine (L-Met) have produced variable results. An experiment was conducted to determine the RBV of DL to L-Met. A total of 2268 1-day ...
    • Reproductive performance of captive Senegalese sole, Solea senegalensis, according to the origin (wild or cultured) and gender 

      Martín, Ignacio; Carazo, Ignacio; Rasines, Inmaculada; Rodríguez, Cristina; Fernández, Raquel; Martínez, Paulino; Norambuena, Fernando; Cherenguini, Olvido; Duncan, Neil
      Aim of study: The reproductive performance over a five year period in three different sole broodstocks: wild males with cultured females (WM), cultured males with wild females (CM), and a control of cultured males and ...
    • Reproductive success of a marine teleost was correlated with proactive and reactive stress‐coping styles 

      Ibarra-Zatarain, Zohar; Parati, Katia; Cenadelli, Silvia; Duncan, Neil
      The present study investigated the relationship between reproductive success and stress‐coping styles in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata in captivity. To characterise stress‐coping styles, a total of 22 breeders were ...
    • Resequencing theVrs1 gene in Spanish barley landraces revealed reversion of six-rowed to two-rowed spike 

      Casas, Ana M.; Contreras-Moreira, Bruno; Cantalapiedra, Carlos P.; Sakuma, Shun; Gracia, María Pilar; Moralejo, Marian; Molina-Cano, José Luis; Komatsuda, Takao; Igartua, Ernesto
      Six-rowed spike 1 (Vrs1) is a gene of major importance for barley breeding and germplasm management as it is the main gene determining spike row-type (2-rowed vs. 6-rowed). This is a widely used DUS trait, and has been ...
    • Retrospective detection of Porcine circovirus 3 (PCV-3) in pig serum samples from Spain 

      Klaumann, F.; Franzo, G.; Sohrmann, M.; Correa-Fiz, F.; Drigo, M.; Núñez, J. I.; Sibila, M.; Segalés, J.
      Porcine circovirus 3 (PCV‐3) is an emerging circovirus species that has recently been reported in different countries around the world, suggesting a widespread circulation. In this study, sera samples originating from 654 ...
    • Revealing potential bridge vectors for BTV and SBV: a study on Culicoides blood feeding preferences in natural ecosystems in Spain. 

      Talavera, S.; Muñoz-Muñoz, F.; Verdún, M.; Pujol, N.; Pagès, N.
      Several species of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are vectors of pathogens, such as the bluetongue (BTV) and Schmallenberg (SBV) viruses, which cause important diseases in domestic and wild ruminants. As wild ruminants ...
    • Review of the principal diseases affecting cultured meagre (Argyrosomus regius) 

      Soares, Florbela; Roque, Ana; Gavaia, Paulo J
      Argyrosomus regius was recently introduced in European aquaculture as a promising species for diversification and with high potential for expansion in the coming years. The reports on pathologies affecting this species are ...
    • Revisions to the classification, nomenclature, and diversity of Eukaryotes 

      Adl, Sina M.; Bass, David; Lane, Christopher E.; Lukes, Julius; Schoch, Conrad L.; Smirnov, Alexey; Agatha, Sabine; Berney, Cedric; Brown, Matthew W.; Burki, Fabien; Cárdenas, Paco; Čepička, Ivan; Chistyakova, Lyudmila; del Campo, Javier; Dunthorn, Micah; Edvardsen, Bente; Eglit, Yana; Guillou, Laure; Hampl, Vladimír; Heiss, Aaron A.; Hoppenrath, Mona; James, Timothy Y.; Karnkowska, Anna; Karpov, Sergey; Kim, Eunsoo; Kolisko, Martin; Kudryavtsev, Alexander; Lahr, Daniel J.G.; Lara, Enrique; Le Gall, Line; Lynn, Denis H.; Mann, David G.; Massana, Ramon; Mitchell, Edward A.D.; Morrow, Christine; Park, Jong Soo; Pawlowski, Jan W.; Powell, Martha J.; Richter, Daniel J.; Rueckert, Sonja; Shadwick, Lora; Shimano, Satoshi; Spiegel, Frederick W.; Torruella, Guifré; Youssef, Noha; Zlatogursky, Vasily; Zhang, Qianqian
      This revision of the classification of eukaryotes follows that of Adl et al., 2012 [J. Euk. Microbiol. 59(5)] and retains an emphasis on protists. Changes since have improved the resolution of many nodes in phylogenetic ...
    • Revisiting the genetic diversity of classical swine fever virus: A proposal for new genotyping and subgenotyping schemes of classification 

      Rios, Liliam; Núñez, José I.; Díaz de Arce, Heidy; Ganges, Llilianne; Pérez, Lester J.
      Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious febrile viral disease caused by CSF virus (CSFV), and it is considered one of the most important infectious diseases that affect domestic pigs and wild boar. Previous ...
    • Ripening behaviour and consumer acceptance of ‘Conference’ pears during shelf life after long term DCA-storage 

      Torregrosa, Laia; Echeverria, Gemma; Illa, Josep; Giné-Bordonaba, Jordi
      With the increasing demand for ready to eat fruit, understanding how pear quality evolves during shelf life (SL) is of paramount importance for retailers. Accordingly, the relationships between physicochemical quality ...
    • Risk factors for new bovine brucellosis infections in Colombian herds 

      Cárdenas, Liliana; Peña, Mario; Melo, Oscar; Casal, Jordi
      Background Bovine brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that causes substantial economic losses and has a strong impact on public health. The main objective of this paper is to determine the risk factors for new infections ...
    • Risk of introduction of lumpy skin disease in France by the import of vectors in animal trucks 

      Saegerman, Claude; Bertagnoli, Stéphane; Meyer, Gilles; Ganière, Jean-Pierre; Caufour, Philippe; De Clercq, Kris; Jacquiet, Philippe; Fournié, Guillaume; Hautefeuille, Claire; Etore, Florence; Casal, Jordi
      The lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) is a dsDNA virus belonging to the Poxviridae family and the Capripoxvirus genus. Lumpy skin diseases (LSD) is a highly contagious transboundary disease in cattle producing major economic ...
    • Role of AMPK signalling pathway during compensatory growth in pigs 

      Ballester, Maria; Amills, Marcel; González-Rodríguez, Olga; Cardoso, Tainã F.; Pascual, Mariam; González-Prendes, Rayner; Panella-Riera, Núria; Díaz, Isabel; Tibau, Joan; Quintanilla, Raquel
      Background: The molecular basis of compensatory growth in monogastric animals has not yet been fully explored. Herewith, in this study we aim to determine changes in the pig skeletal muscle transcriptome profile ...
    • Rooting big and deep rapidly: the ecological roots of pine species distribution in southern Europe 

      Andivia, Enrique; Zuccarini, Paolo; Grau, Beatriz; de Herralde, Felicidad; Villar-Salvador, Pedro; Savé, Robert
      Root properties can influence plant drought resistance, and consequently plant species distribution. Root structure strongly varies across biomes partly as a result of phylogeny. However, whether the spatial distribution ...
    • Rootstock affects quality and phytochemical composition of 'Big Top' nectarine fruits grown under hot climatic conditions 

      Iglesias, Ignasi; Giné-Bordonaba, Jordi; Garanto, Xavier; Reig, Gemma
      This study aimed to evaluate the stability of ‘Big Top’ nectarine fruit quality (fruit weight, fruit mineral elements and fruit phytochemical composition such as soluble solids content, titratable acidity, individual sugars, ...
    • Rural veterinarian's perception and practices in terms of biosecurity across three European countries 

      Renault, V.; Humblet, M.F.; Moons, V.; Bosquet, G.; Gauthier, B.; Cebrián, L.M.; Casal, J.; Saegerman, C.
      The implementation of biosecurity measures in the animal health and production context is quite broad and aims at limiting the risk of introduction and spread of diseases. Veterinarians play a major role in biosecurity as ...
    • Salmonella control in poultry flocks and its public health impact 

      EFSA Panel on Biological Hazards; Koutsoumanis, Kostas; Allende, Ana; Alvarez-Ordoñez, Avelino; Bolton, Declan; Bover-Cid, Sara; Chemaly, Marianne; De Cesare, Alessandra; Herman, Lieve; Hilbert, Friederike; Lindqvist, Roland; Nauta, Maarten; Peixe, Luisa; Ru, Giuseppe; Simmons, Marion; Skandamis, Panagiotis; Suffredini, Elisabetta; Dewulf, Jeroen; Hald, Tine; Michael, Virginie; Niskanen, Taina; Ricci, Antonia; Snary, Emma; Boelaert, Frank; Messens, Winy; Davies, Robert
      An increase in confirmed human salmonellosis cases in the EU after 2014 triggered investigation of contributory factors and control options in poultry production. Reconsideration of the five current target serovars for ...