The effects of environmental enrichment on the physiology, behaviour, productivity and meat quality of pigs raised in a hot climate
Cerón, José Joaquín
European Union (EU) legislation states that the routine tail docking of pigs should not be carried out and that manipulable materials should be made available to all pigs to prevent tail biting and allow them to behave naturally. However, between 90 and 95% of pigs within the EU still have their tails docked to avoid the risk of tail biting. Farmers say they require information tailored to their particular production systems before they abandon this practice. In this study, four types of enrichment materials used in Spanish pig fattening production systems are compared. Most of these systems have fully slatted floors and high external temperatures for considerable periods of the year. The effects of chains (the control group), wood, paper or straw in a rack on the behaviour, health/physiology, performance and meat and carcass quality are evaluated. Straw in a rack was found to be the best material to meet the behavioural needs of pigs, whereas paper met the criteria of being manipulable, but only for a short period. To avoid the risk of blockages in the slurry system, there are some practical issues to consider and improvements to be made to the design of the rack for providing straw used in this study.
636 - Explotació i cria d'animals. Cria del bestiar i d'animals domèstics
Is part of
Fàbrega, Marcet-Rius, Vidal, Escribano, Cerón, Manteca, and Velarde. 2019. "The Effects Of Environmental Enrichment On The Physiology, Behaviour, Productivity And Meat Quality Of Pigs Raised In A Hot Climate". Animals 9 (5): 235. MDPI AG. doi:10.3390/ani9050235.
Grant agreement number
MINECO/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad/AGL2015-68373-C2-2-R/ES/Bienestar animal y viabilidad económica en explotacions intensivas de porcino y bovino/Retowell
Benestar Animal (GE)
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