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dc.contributor.authorDevant, Maria
dc.contributor.authorSolé, Anna
dc.contributor.authorQuintana, Bruna
dc.contributor.authorPérez, Armando
dc.contributor.authorRibó, Josep
dc.contributor.authorBach, Alex
dc.contributor.otherProducció Animalca
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-16T12:14:58Z
dc.date.available2018-11-16T12:14:58Z
dc.date.issued2018-11-01
dc.identifier.citationDevant, M., Solé, A., Quintana, B., Pérez, A., Ribó, J., & Bach, A. (2018). Effect of particle size of concentrate in meal form on behavior, digestibility, and macroscopic and microscopic integrity of the digestive tract in Holstein bulls fed intensively. Translational Animal Science. doi:10.1093/tas/txy116ca
dc.identifier.issn2573-2102ca
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12327/75
dc.description.abstractTwenty-four individually housed Holstein bulls (456 ± 6.9 kg of body weight and 292 ± 1.4 d of age) were enrolled in a complete randomized experiment involving four dietary treatments to evaluate the potential effect of mash particle size of diets in finishing beef diets on behavior, digestibility, and macro- and microscopic changes of the digestive tract. The four treatments were all ingredients sieved at 2 mm (HM2), all ingredients sieved at 3 mm (HM3), all ingredients, but corn, sieved at 2 mm and corn at 10 mm (HM210), and all ingredients, but corn, sieved a 3 mm and corn at 10 mm (HM310). For the HM210 and HM310 mashes, corn ground at 10 mm was mixed with the remaining concentrate ingredients ground at 2 or 3 mm, respectively. Concentrate (36% corn, 19% barley, 15% corn gluten feed, 8.4% wheat; 14% crude protein, 3.28 Mcal of ME/kg) consumption was recorded daily and straw consumption weekly. To register behavior, animals were filmed for 24 h on a weekly basis. At day 49 of study nutrient digestibility was estimated. Bulls were slaughtered after 56 d of exposure to treatments. Digestive tract and hepatic lesions were recorded, and tissue samples from the digestive tract collected. Geometric mean particle size was 0.61 ± 0.041, 0.76 ± 0.041, 0.62 ± 0.041, 0.73 ± 0.041 mm, and percentage of particles between 0.5 and 1 mm were 68 ± 2.9, 46 ± 1.7, 46 ± 5.0, and 39 ± 3.3 g/100 g for HM2, HM210, HM3, and HM310, respectively. Performance, total tract digestibility, or digestive tract integrity did not differ when ingredients were ground at 2 or 3 mm. Grinding corn with a hammer mill sieve size of 10 mm reduced feed efficiency and decreased total tract apparent dry matter, and organic matter digestibility compared with treatments from which all ingredients were ground at 2 or 3 mm. Straw intake was greatest and starch digestibility was least in the HM210 treatment. Last, only minor differences among treatments in rumen wall color, rumen papillae fusion, and histological conformation were observed. In summary, to improve feed efficiency, grinding corn at 10 mm is not recommended. In the present study, grinding procedure did not have a great effect on behavior and/or digestive tract health; however, under commercial conditions (group housing), grinding procedures that cause small mean particle sizes or particle size heterogeneity may increase the risk to suffer digestive tract lesions.ca
dc.format.extent12ca
dc.language.isoengca
dc.publisherOxford University Pressca
dc.relation.ispartofTranslational Animal Scienceca
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/*
dc.titleEffect of particle size of a mash concentrate on behavior, digestibility, and macroscopic and microscopic integrity of the digestive tract in Holstein bulls fed intensivelyca
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca
dc.description.versionreprintca
dc.embargo.termscapca
dc.subject.udc636 - Explotació i cria d'animals. Cria del bestiar i d'animals domèsticsca
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1093/tas/txy116ca
dc.contributor.groupProducció de Remugantsca


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Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/