Contamination of pig carcass with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium monophasic variant 1,4,12:i:- originates mainly in live animals
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Chinillac, Mª Carmen
Pork is considered a major source of Salmonella Typhimurium infection in humans in the EU, including monophasic strains (mST). Widespread distribution of virulent serotypes such as monophasic variants of S. Typhimurium have emerged as a public health threat. Despite the current situation, within the EU there is no mandatory programme for the control of Salmonella at pork production level. In this context, the aims of this study were: to examine the presence of Salmonella in the swine production system from arrival at the slaughterhouse until the end of processing, and investigate the genetic relationship among serovars. A total of 21 pig herds were intensively sampled during processing at the slaughterhouse. ERIC-PCR followed by PFGE were performed among isolates recovered at the different steps in the slaughterhouse to assess their genetic relationship. The results showed a high level of Salmonella pork batch contamination upon arrival at the slaughterhouse (71.4%) and at the end of the slaughtering process (66.7%), with mST the main serovar isolated from both origins (53.1% and 38.2%, respectively). Similarly, this study shows that 14.3% of the strains isolated from carcasses have the same Xbal-PFGE profile as those previously recovered in the slaughterhouse environment, but not in the live animals from that same batch. In conclusion, there is a high level of Salmonella swine batch contamination upon arrival at the slaughterhouse and at the end of the slaughtering process, mST being the most frequently isolated serovar. Moreover, a strong genetic relationship has been observed between strains isolated from the batch on arrival at the slaughterhouse, the processing environment and pork carcass contamination. In this sense, it would be necessary to implement a control programme to reduce the bacterium from pork farms and raise the awareness of biosecurity measures.
619 - Veterinària
Is part of
Science of the Total Environment
Marin, Clara, Mª Carmen Chinillac, Marta Cerdà-Cuéllar, Laura Montoro-Dasi, Sandra Sevilla-Navarro, Teresa Ayats, Francisco Marco-Jimenez, and Santiago Vega. 2020. "Contamination Of Pig Carcass With Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhimurium Monophasic Variant 1,4,12:I:- Originates Mainly In Live Animals". Science Of The Total Environment 703: 134609. Elsevier BV. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134609.
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