Now showing items 21-40 of 805

    • Welfare of pigs at slaughter 

      EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW); Nielsen, Søren Saxmose; Alvarez, Julio; Bicout, Dominique Joseph; Calistri, Paolo; Depner, Klaus; Drewe, Julian Ashley; Garin-Bastuji, Bruno; Gonzales Rojas, Jose Luis; Gortazar Schmidt, Christian; Michel, Virginie; Miranda Chueca, Miguel Angel; Roberts, Helen Clare; Sihvonen, Liisa Helena; Spoolder, Hans; Stahl, Karl; Viltrop, Arvo; Winckler, Christoph; Candiani, Denise; Fabris, Chiara; Van der Stede, Yves; Velarde, Antonio (EFSA Journal, 2020-06-17)
      The killing of pigs for human consumption (slaughtering) can take place in a slaughterhouse or on farm. The processes of slaughtering that were assessed for welfare, from the arrival of pigs until their death, were grouped ...
    • Effects of human-animal relationship on animal productivity and welfare 

      Mota-Rojas, Daniel; Maurice Broom, Donald; Orihuela, Agustín; Velarde, Antonio; Napolitano, Fabio; Alonso-Spilsbury, María (Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology, 2020-06-04)
      This is a literature review of the effects of humans´ relationships with farm animals on animal productivity and welfare, including the following topics: definition of the concept and description of different tests that ...
    • CD36 gene polymorphism -31118 G > A (rs1761667) is associated with overweight and obesity but not with fat preferences in Mexican children 

      Enciso-Ramírez, Mayra; Reyes-Castillo, Zyanya; Llamas-Covarrubias, Mara Anaís; Guerrero, Luis; López-Espinoza, Antonio; Valdés-Miramontes, Elia Herminia (International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, 2020-05-18)
      CD36 glycoprotein is a candidate receptor involved in the gustatory detection of lipids and emerging evidence has suggested that genetic variations in CD36 may modulate the oral perception threshold to fatty acids. Here, ...
    • Potential of the microalgae Nannochloropsis and Tetraselmis for being used as innovative ingredients in baked goods 

      Lafarga, Tomás; Mayre, Erika; Echeverria, Gemma; Viñas, Inmaculada; Villaró, Silvia; Acién-Fernández, Francisco Gabriel; Castellari, Massimo; Aguiló-Aguayo, Ingrid (LWT - Food Science and Technology, 2019-07-24)
      The potential use of the microalgae species Tetraselmis and Nannochloropsis was investigated for the production of functional breads and crackers. Optimum flour substitution levels were 2.5% for baked crackers and 1.0 or ...
    • Fine mapping of the peach pollen sterility gene (Ps/ps) and detection of markers for marker-assisted selection 

      Eduardo, I.; de Tomás, C.; Alexiou, K. G.; Giovannini, D.; Pietrella, M.; Carpenedo, S.; Bassols Raseira, M. C.; Batlle, I.; Cantín, M. C.; Aranzana, M. J.; Arús, P. (Molecular Breeding, 2020-06-10)
      In peach, pollen sterility, expressed as absence of pollen in the anthers, segregates as an undesired trait in breeding programs. Pollen fertility screening in progenies is not a common practice mainly because it does not ...
    • Co-extruded alginate as an alternative to collagen casings in the production of dry-fermented sausages: Impact of coating composition 

      Marcos, Begonya; Gou, Pere; Arnau, Jacint; Guàrdia, Mª. Dolors; Comaposada, Josep (Meat Science, 2020-05-16)
      The performance of co-extruded alginate coatings containing no extra additives (A), polyglycerol esters of fatty acids (EA), or pea protein (PA) was assessed as an alternative to collagen casings (C) for the manufacturing ...
    • A new generation of recombinant polypeptides combines multiple protein domains for effective antimicrobial activity 

      Roca-Pinilla, Ramon; López-Cano, Adrià; Saubi, Cristina; Garcia-Fruitós, Elena; Arís, Anna (Microbial Cell Factories, 2020-06-05)
      Background Although most of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), being relatively short, are produced by chemical synthesis, several AMPs have been produced using recombinant technology. However, AMPs could be cytotoxic to the ...
    • Evapotranspiration estimates derived using thermal-based satellite remote sensing and data fusion for irrigation management in California vineyards 

      Knipper, Kyle R.; Kustas, William P.; Anderson, Martha C.; Alfieri, Joseph G.; Prueger, John H.; Hain, Christopher R.; Gao, Feng; Yang, Yun; McKee, Lynn G.; Nieto, Hector; Hipps, Lawrence E.; Alsina, Maria Mar; Sanchez, Luis (Irrigation Science, 2018-10-10)
      Irrigation in the Central Valley of California is essential for successful wine grape production. With reductions in water availability in much of California due to drought and competing water-use interests, it is important ...
    • Biological control of Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored chickpeas through the release of natural enemies 

      Iturralde-García, Rey D.; Riudavets, Jordi; Castañé, Cristina (Biological Control, 2020-05-28)
      In this study, two predatory mites and two parasitoid wasps were evaluated for their effectiveness in controlling Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a common pest in stored chickpeas. The predatory mite ...
    • LC‐IMPACT: A regionalized life cycle damage assessment method 

      Verones, Francesca; Hellweg, Stefanie; Antón, Assumpció; Azevedo, Ligia B.; Chaudhary, Abhishek; Cosme, Nuno; Cucurachi, Stefano; de Baan, Laura; Dong, Yan; Fantke, Peter; Golsteijn, Laura; Hauschild, Michael; Heijungs, Reinout; Jolliet, Olivier; Juraske, Ronnie; Larsen, Henrik; Laurent, Alexis; Mute, Christopher L.; Margni, Manuele; Núñez, Montserrat; Owsianiak, Mikolaj; Pfister, Stephan; Ponsioen, Tommie; Preiss, Philipp; Rosenbaum, Ralph K.; Roy, Pierre-Olivier; Sala, Serenella; Steinmann, Zoran; van Zelm, Rosalie; Van Dingenen, Rita; Vieira, Marisa; Huijbregts, Mark A. J. (Journal of Industrial Ecology, 2020-05-31)
      Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) is a lively field of research, and data and models are continuously improved in terms of impact pathways covered, reliability, and spatial detail. However, many of these advancements are ...
    • Utility of the two-source energy balance (TSEB) model in vine and interrow flux partitioning over the growing season 

      Kustas, W. P.; Alfieri, J. G.; Nieto, H.; Wilson, T. G.; Gao, F.; Anderson, M. C. (Irrigation Science, 2018-09-14)
      For monitoring water use in vineyards, it becomes important to evaluate the evapotranspiration (ET) contributions from the two distinct management zones: the vines and the interrow. Often the interrow is not completely ...
    • Radio frequency cooking of pork hams followed with conventional steam cooking 

      Muñoz, Israel; Serra, Xavier; Guàrdia, M. Dolors; Fartdinov, Dinar; Arnau, Jacint; Picouet, Pierre A.; Gou, Pere (LWT - Food Science and Technology, 2020-01-27)
      Radio frequency (RF) is a volumetric heating technology that reduces the time needed to cook foodstuffs, but heating is not evenly distributed. The aim of this work was to develop a two-step cooking process in a RF tunnel ...
    • Influence of wind direction on the surface roughness of vineyards 

      Alfieri, Joseph G.; Kustas, William P.; Nieto, Hector; Prueger, John H.; Hipps, Lawrence E.; McKee, Lynn G.; Gao, Feng; Los, Sebastian (Irrigation Science, 2018-11-27)
      Remote sensing-based models are the most viable means of collecting the high-resolution spatially distributed estimates of evaporative water loss needed to manage irrigation and ensure the effective use of limited water ...
    • Disease-specific changes in reelin protein and mRNA in neurodegenerative diseases 

      Lidón, Laia; Urrea, Laura; Llorens, Franc; Gil, Vanessa; Alvarez, Ignacio; Diez-Fairen, Monica; Aguilar, Miguel; Pastor, Pau; Zerr, Inga; Alcolea, Daniel; Lleó, Alberto; Vidal, Enric; Gavín, Rosalina; Ferrer, Isidre; Del Rio, Jose Antonio (Cells, 2020-05-19)
      Reelin is an extracellular glycoprotein that modulates neuronal function and synaptic plasticity in the adult brain. Decreased levels of Reelin activity have been postulated as a key factor during neurodegeneration in ...
    • Spatial analysis of lumpy skin disease in Eurasia - Predicting areas at risk for further spread within the region 

      Allepuz, Alberto; Casal, Jordi; Beltrán‐Alcrudo, Daniel (Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2018-12-06)
      Data from affected lumpy skin disease (LSD) locations between July 2012 and September 2018 in the Balkans, Caucasus, and Middle East were retrieved from FAO's Global Animal Disease Information System (EMPRES-i) from the ...
    • Biosecurity assessment of Argentinian pig farms 

      Alarcón, L.V.; Monterubbianesi, M.; Perelman, S.; Sanguinetti, H.R.; Perfumo, C.J.; Mateu, E.; Allepuz, A. (Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2019-02-27)
      The pig industry is growing very fast in Argentina with an increasing need for replacement animals, feedstuff and transportation of animals. One of the main competitive advantages of the Argentinian pig industry is its ...
    • Synthesis of polylactic acid initiated through biobased antioxidants: Towards intrinsically active food packaging 

      Ortenzi, Marco Aldo; Gazzotti, Stefano; Marcos, Begonya; Antenucci, Stefano; Camazzola, Stefano; Piergiovanni, Luciano; Farina, Hermes; Di Silvestro, Giuseppe; Verotta, Luisella (Polymers, 2020-05-21)
      Polylactide (PLA)-based polymers, functionalized with biobased antioxidants, were synthesized, to develop an intrinsically active, biobased and potentially biodegradable material for food packaging applications. To achieve ...
    • Taurine supplementation in high-soy diets affects fillet quality of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) 

      Kotzamanis, Yannis; Kumar, Vikas; Tsironi, Theofania; Grigorakis, Kriton; Ilia, Vassiliki; Vatsos, Ioannis; Brezas, Andreas; van Eys, Jan; Gisbert, Enric (Aquaculture, 2019-11-01)
      This study evaluated the effects of taurine supplementation to diets containing a high dietary inclusion of soybean meal and soy protein concentrate on growth performance and fillet quality of juvenile European sea bass ...
    • Assessment of the economic performance of the seabream and seabass aquaculture industry in the European Union 

      Llorente, Ignacio; Fernández-Polanco, José; Baraibar-Diez, Elisa; Odriozola, María D.; Bjørndal, Trond; Asche, Frank; Guillen, Jordi; Avdelas, Lamprakis; Nielsen, Rasmus; Cozzolino, Maria; Luna, Manuel; Fernández-Sánchez, José L.; Luna, Ladislao; Aguilera, Cristóbal; Basurco, Bernardo (Marine Policy, 2020-02-12)
      Production of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is the second most important aquaculture industry in the European Union in value terms. During the last 10 years, the industry has ...
    • Nitzschia fenestralis: A new diatom species abundant in the Holocene sediments of an eastern African crater lake 

      Grady, David; Mann, David G.; Trobajo, Rosa (Fottea, 2020-02-18)
      Nitzschia is common in the phytoplankton of several East African lakes. A new species, Nitzschia fenestralis, sp. nov. D. Grady, D.G. Mann et Trobajo was encountered at numerous depths in a 16 m sediment core from Lake ...