The impacts of ostreid herpesvirus 1 microvariants on Pacific oyster aquaculture in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres since 2008
Furones Nozal, D.
Impacto de microvariantes del herpesvirus de los ostreidos 1 en el cultivo de ostra japonesa en los hemisferios Norte y Sur desde 2008
Mollusc farming is the third most productive aquaculture activity in the world, and the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) is one of the most important farmed species. Since 2008, mass mortalities in C. gigas due to ostreid herpesvirus 1 microvariants have challenged the viability of this industry in Europe, New Zealand and Australia. Ten years after the emergence of this disease, there is evidence that the industry has become consolidated into fewer, larger companies, with the displacement of small farming enterprises and loss of employment in coastal communities. Rather than seeking technical solutions, the industry has turned to compensatory production strategies, such as increasing the number of spat placed on farms, higher market prices for table oysters and direct marketing, which appear to have allowed profitability. Biosecurity policies and responses to outbreaks, including those from within the industry, have had unintended consequences for hatcheries and farmers in areas free of disease, mainly caused by restrictions on animal movements, and have not prevented global spread. There may be opportunities for better coordination of industry and government responses to epizootic disease emergence in aquaculture. There is certainly a need for increased adoption of technical advances from research, once these solutions have been adequately verified.
Tipo de documento
Versión del documento
639 - Caza. Pesca. Piscicultura
Office International des Épizooties (OIE)
Revue Scientifique et Technique - Office International des Épizooties
Fuhrmann M., A. Castinel, D. Cheslett, D. Furones Nozal, and R. J. Whittington. 2019. "The impacts of ostreid herpesvirus 1 microvariants on Pacific oyster aquaculture in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres since 2008". Revue Scientifique et Technique. 38: 491-509. OIE. doi.org/10.20506/rst.38.2.3000.
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