Balance between resilient fruit surface microbial community and population of Monilinia spp. after biopesticide field applications of Penicillium frequentans
De Cal, Antonieta
The microbial variability on the host plant surface must be maintained because population diversity and quantity are essential to avoid disease development. It would be necessary to examine the patterns and mechanisms associated with the massive and reiterative introduction of a microbial pest control agent. The effect of inundative releases of biopesticide formulations containing Penicillium frequentans for the control of Monilinia spp. populations, and the effect on fruit surface microbiota on 18 stone fruit field experiments located in four European countries for more than two crop seasons against brown rot were studied. P. frequentans was monitored after application in order to assess whether it was persistent or not in the environment. Hydrolysis of fluorescein diacetate and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis were used to study the effects of P. frequentans on fungal and bacterial non-target populations on fruit surface. The effect of P. frequentans formulations on the populations of Monilinia spp. on fruit was also assessed in different orchards. P. frequentans population on stone fruit surfaces showed ranged from 100 to 10,000 CFU cm−2, and postharvest recovered populations were more than 10–100-fold higher than preharvest recovered populations. The population of P. frequentans varied among orchards and years, rather than by the type of formulation. P. frequentans formulation reduced Monilinia spp. population and brown rot and latent infections caused by this pathogen both before and at harvest, while stabilizing or increasing antagonist populations and avoiding non-target microorganisms. However, fungicides reduced significantly the microbial activity on nectarine surfaces.
63 - Agriculture and related sciences and techniques
Is part of
International Journal of Food Microbiology
Guijarro, Belén, Carla Casals, Neus Teixidó, Inmaculada Larena, Paloma Melgarejo, and Antonieta De Cal. 2020. "Balance Between Resilient Fruit Surface Microbial Community And Population Of Monilinia Spp. After Biopesticide Field Applications Of Penicillium Frequentans". International Journal Of Food Microbiology 333: 108788. doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2020.108788.
Grant agreement number
EC/FP7/612713/EU/Biological control manufacturers in Europe develop novel biological control products to support the implementation of Integrated Pest Management in agriculture and forestry/BIOCOMES
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