Biological control of Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored chickpeas through the release of natural enemies
In this study, two predatory mites and two parasitoid wasps were evaluated for their effectiveness in controlling Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a common pest in stored chickpeas. The predatory mite Amblyseius swirskii (Acari: Phytoseiidae) preyed on the bruchid’s eggs but did not consume a large amount; the mite Blattisocius tarsalis (Acari: Ascidae) did not consume C. chinensis eggs. However, the larval parasitoids Anisopteromalus calandrae and Lariophagus distinguendus (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) were effective at reducing the bruchid’s larval population, producing mortality rates above 90% in controlled conditions (28 ± 2°C, 75 ± 5% relative humidity [RH]). In tubes of 20-cm diameter filled with 9 to 35 kg of chickpeas, both parasitoids were able to parasitize the host at depths of 40, 100, and 150 cm, even when larvae were offered simultaneously at all depths. This indicates that parasitoids will probably be able to locate hosts at least at 150 cm of distance in a storage facility. A. calandrae was similarly effective at reducing the bruchid population at different parasitoid-to-host ratios (1:7, 1:15, 1:30, and 1:60). Moreover, A. calandrae efficiently reduced C. chinensis populations when released in 25-kg commercial polypropylene bags of chickpeas in simulated warehouse conditions (27 ± 2°C and 65 ± 4% RH). This is the first time that A. calandrae and L. distinguendus are shown to be effective biological control agents for the integrated management of C. chinensis in stored chickpeas and can be an alternative to the application of pesticides for maintaining low bruchid population levels.
632 - Plant damage, injuries. Plant diseases. Pests, organisms injurious to plants. Plant protection
Is part of
Iturralde-García, Rey D., Jordi Riudavets, and Cristina Castañé. 2020. "Biological Control Of Callosobruchus Chinensis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) In Stored Chickpeas Through The Release Of Natural Enemies". Biological Control 149: 104322. doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2020.104322.
Grant agreement number
INIA/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad/RTA2014-00006-C02-01/ES/Plagas que afectan a la industria agroalimentaria: control biológico y detección de una especie invasiva/
INIA/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad/RTI2018-095526-R-100/ES/Gestión integrada de plagas en el control biológico en grano almacenado/
Protecció Vegetal Sostenible
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- ARTICLES CIENTÍFICS 
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