Now showing items 255-274 of 551

    • Gamete quality and management for in vitro fertilisation in meagre (Argyrosomus regius) 

      Ramos-Júdez, Sandra; González, Wendy; Dutto, Gilbert; Mylonas, Constantinos C.; Fauvel, Christian; Duncan, Neil
      The aquaculture of meagre (Argyrosomus regius) requires methods for the control of reproduction that enable the production of families from specific individuals for selective breeding programs. We experimentally determined ...
    • Gene expression analysis of the innate immune system during early rearing and weaning of meagre (Argyrosomus regius) 

      Campoverde, Cindy; Milne, Douglas J.; Secombes, Christopher J.; Estévez, Alicia; Gisbert, Enric; Andree, Karl B.
      The present study is the first report of some representative innate immune genes in meagre (Argyrosomus regius) larvae. This study has specifically focused on the growth period from hatching to the juvenile stage, a critical ...
    • Genetic Dissection of the Seminal Root System Architecture in Mediterranean Durum Wheat Landraces by Genome-Wide Association Study 

      Roselló, Martina; Royo, Conxita; Sanchez-Garcia, Miguel; Soriano, Jose Miguel
      Roots are crucial for adaptation to drought stress. However, phenotyping root systems is a difficult and time-consuming task due to the special feature of the traits in the process of being analyzed. Correlations between ...
    • Genetic diversity and selection signatures of the beef ‘Charolais de Cuba’ breed 

      Rodriguez-Valera, Yoel; Renand, Gilles; Naves, Michel; Fonseca-Jiménez, Yidix; Moreno-Probance, Teresa Inés; Ramos-Onsins, Sebastian; Rocha, Dominique; Ramayo-Caldas, Yuliaxis
      In this study, we used BovineSNP50 Genotyping BeadChip data to estimate the structure, putative ancestral origin as well as to identify regions with selective sweeps that may have had an important role in the adaptation ...
    • Genetic parameters of sow feed efficiency during lactation and its underlying traits in a Duroc population 

      Piles, M.; Martí, J.; Reixach, J.; Sánchez, J. P.
      As a result of the genetic selection for prolificacy and the improvements in the environment and farms management, litter size has increased in the last few years so that energy requirements of the lactating sow are greater. ...
    • Genetic profiling of Mycobacterium bovis strains from slaughtered cattle in Eritrea 

      Ghebremariam, Michael Kahsay; Hlokwe, Tiny; Rutten, Victor P. M. G.; Allepuz, Alberto; Cadmus, Simeon; Muwonge, Adrian; Robbe-Austerman, Suelee; Michel, Anita L.
      Mycobacterium bovis (M.bovis) is the main causative agent for bovine tuberculosis (BTB) and can also be the cause of zoonotic tuberculosis in humans. In view of its zoonotic nature, slaughterhouse surveillance, potentially ...
    • Genome encode analyses reveal the basis of convergent evolution of fleshy fruit ripening 

      Lü, Peitao; Yu, Sheng; Zhu, Ning; Chen, Yun-Ru; Zhou, Biyan; Pan, Yu; Tzeng, David; Fabi, Joao Paulo; Argyris, Jason; Garcia-Mas, Jordi; Ye, Nenghui; Zhang, Jianhua; Grierson, Donald; Xiang, Jenny; Fei, Zhangjun; Giovannoni, James; Zhong, Silin
      Fleshy fruits using ethylene to regulate ripening have developed multiple times in the history of angiosperms, presenting a clear case of convergent evolution whose molecular basis remains largely unknown. Analysis of the ...
    • Genome Sequence of the Brown Rot Fungal Pathogen Monilinia laxa 

      Naranjo-Ortíz, Miguel A.; Rodríguez-Píres, Silvia; Torres, Rosario; De Cal, Antonieta; Usall, Josep; Gabaldón, Toni
      Monilinia laxa (phylum Ascomycota) is a plant pathogen responsible for the brown rot blossom blight disease in stone fruit trees of the Rosaceae family, such as apricots. We report here the genome sequence of strain 8L ...
    • Genomic diversity, linkage disequilibrium and selection signatures in European local pig breeds assessed with a high density SNP chip 

      Muñoz, M.; Bozzi, R.; García-Casco, J.; Núñez, Y.; Ribani, A.; Franci, O.; García, F.; Škrlep, M.; Schiavo, G.; Bovo, S.; Utzeri, V. J.; Charneca, R.; Martins, J. M.; Quintanilla, R.; Tibau, J.; Margeta, V.; Djurkin-Kušec, I.; Mercat, M. J.; Riquet, J.; Estellé, J.; Zimmer, C.; Razmaite, V.; Araujo, J. P.; Radović, Č.; Savić, R.; Karolyi, D.; Gallo, M.; Čandek-Potokar, M.; Fernández, A.I.; Fontanesi, L.; Óvilo, C.
      Genetic characterization of local breeds is essential to preserve their genomic variability, to advance conservation policies and to contribute to their promotion and sustainability. Genomic diversity of twenty European ...
    • Genomic Understanding of an Infectious Brain Disease from the Desert 

      Moreno, Leandro F.; Ahmed, Abdalla A. O.; Brankovics, Balázs; Cuomo, Christina A.; Menken, Steph B. J.; Taj-Aldeen, Saad J.; Faidah, Hani; Stielow, J. Benjamin; Teixeira, Marcus de M.; Prenafeta-Boldú, Francesc X.; Vicente, Vania A.; de Hoog, Sybren
      Rhinocladiella mackenziei accounts for the majority of fungal brain infections in the Middle East, and is restricted to the arid climate zone between Saudi Arabia and Pakistan. Neurotropic dissemination caused by this fungus ...
    • Genotyping by Sequencing in Almond: SNP Discovery, Linkage Mapping, and Marker Design 

      Goonetilleke, Shashi N.; March, Timothy J.; Wirthensohn, Michelle; Arús, Pere; Walker, Amanda R.; Mather, Diane E.
      In crop plant genetics, linkage maps provide the basis for the mapping of loci that affect important traits and for the selection of markers to be applied in crop improvement. In outcrossing species such as almond (Prunus ...
    • Getting value from the waste: recombinant production of a sweet protein by Lactococcus lactis grown on cheese whey 

      Boumaiza, Mohamed; Colarusso, Andrea; Parrilli, Ermenegilda; Garcia-Fruitós, Elena; Casillo, Angela; Arís, Anna; Corsaro, Maria Michela; Picone, Delia; Leone, Serena; Tutino, Maria Luisa
      Background Recent biotechnological advancements have allowed for the adoption of Lactococcus lactis, a typical component of starter cultures used in food industry, as the host for the production of food-grade recombinant ...
    • Global guidance on environmental life cycle impact assessment indicators: impacts of climate change, fine particulate matter formation, water consumption and land use 

      Jolliet, Olivier; Antón, Assumpció; Boulay, Anne-Marie; Cherubini, Francesco; Fantke, Peter; Levasseur, Annie; McKone, Thomas E.; Michelsen, Ottar; Milà i Canals, Llorenç; Motoshita, Masaharu; Pfister, Stephan; Verones, Francesca; Vigon, Bruce; Frischknecht, Rolf
      Purpose Guidance is needed on best-suited indicators to quantify and monitor the man-made impacts on human health, biodiversity and resources. Therefore, the UNEP-SETAC Life Cycle Initiative initiated a global consensus ...
    • Global monitoring of antimicrobial resistance based on metagenomics analyses of urban sewage 

      Hendriksen, Rene S.; Munk, Patrick; Njage, Patrick; van Bunnik, Bram; McNally, Luke; Lukjancenko, Oksana; Röder, Timo; Nieuwenhuijse, David; Pedersen, Susanne Karlsmose; Kjeldgaard, Jette; Kaas, Rolf S.; Clausen, Philip Thomas Lanken Conradsen; Vogt, Josef Korbinian; Leekitcharoenphon, Pimlapas; van de Schans, Milou G.M.; Zuidema, Tina; de Roda Husman, Ana Maria; Rasmussen, Simon; Petersen, Bent; Global Sewage Surveillance project consortium; Cerdà-Cuéllar, Marta
      Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a serious threat to global public health, but obtaining representative data on AMR for healthy human populations is difficult. Here, we use metagenomic analysis of untreated sewage to ...
    • Global-change effects on early-stage decomposition processes in tidal wetlands – implications from a global survey using standardized litter 

      Mueller, Peter; Schile-Beers, Lisa M.; Mozdzer, Thomas J.; Chmura, Gail L.; Dinter, Thomas; Kuzyakov, Yakov; de Groot, Alma V.; Esselink, Peter; Smit, Christian; D'Alpaos, Andrea; Ibáñez, Carles; Lazarus, Magdalena; Neumeier, Urs; Johnson, Beverly J.; Baldwin, Andrew H.; Yarwood, Stephanie A.; Montemayor, Diana I.; Yang, Zaichao; Wu, Jihua; Jensen, Kai; Nolte, Stefanie
      Tidal wetlands, such as tidal marshes and mangroves, are hotspots for carbon sequestration. The preservation of organic matter (OM) is a critical process by which tidal wetlands exert influence over the global carbon cycle ...
    • Grape seed Proanthocyanidins target the Enteroendocrine system in cafeteria‐diet‐fed rats 

      Ginés, Iris; Gil‐Cardoso, Katherine; Terra, Ximena; Blay, M Teresa; Pérez-Vendrell, Anna Maria; Pinent, Montserrat; Ardévol, Anna
      Scope The effects on the enteroendocrine system of three different grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) treatments are analyzed in rats on a cafeteria diet for 17 weeks. Methods and results GSPE is administered in a ...
    • Growth Performance, Hemato-Immunological Responses, and Digestive Enzyme Activities in Silvery-Black Porgy (Sparidentex hasta) Fed Dietary Bovine Lactoferrin 

      Pagheh, Esmaeil; Marammazi, Jasem G.; Agh, Naser; Nouri, Farzaneh; Sepahdari, Abolfazl; Gisbert, Enric; Mozanzadeh, Mansour Torfi
      An 8-week study was conducted to evaluate three different diets supplemented with bovine lactoferrin (LF) at 0 (control), 800, and 1200 mg LF kg−1 diet on somatic growth, hemato-immunological parameters, antioxidant status, ...
    • Haemophilus parasuis VtaA2 is involved in adhesion to extracellular proteins 

      Costa-Hurtado, Mar; Garcia-Rodriguez, Laura; Lopez-Serrano, Sergi; Aragon, Virginia
      Haemophilus parasuis is part of the microbiota of the upper respiratory tract in swine. However, virulent strains can cause a systemic disease known as Glässer’s disease. Several virulence factors have been described in ...
    • Hail nets do not affect the efficacy of metamitron for chemical thinning of apple tree 

      Gonzalez, Luis; Àvila, Gloria; Carbó, Joaquim; Bonany, Joan; Alegre, Simó; Torres, Estanis; Martin, Begoña; Recasens, Immaculada; Asin, Luis
      Hail nets reduce photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and alter the environment under the netting in apple orchards. Thus, we investigated the effect of nets on the efficacy of metamitron, a short-term photosynthesis ...
    • Hazard analysis approaches for certain small retail establishments and food donations: second scientific opinion 

      EFSA Panel on Biological Hazards; Koutsoumanis, Kostas; Allende, Ana; Alvarez-Ordóñez, Avelino; Bover-Cid, Sara; Chemaly, Marianne; Davies, Robert; Herman, Lieve; Hilbert, Friederike; Lindqvist, Panagiotis; Suffredini, Elisabetta; Jacxsens, Liesbeth; Petersen, Annette; Varzakas, Theo; Baert, Katleen; Hempen, Michaela; Van der Stede, Yves; Bolton, Declan
      In 2017, EFSA published a ‘simplified’ food safety management system (FSMS) for certain small retail establishments (butcher, grocer, baker, fish and ice cream shop) based on the application of prerequisite programme (PRP) ...