The main drivers of methane emissions differ in the growing and flooded fallow seasons in Mediterranean rice fields
Fennessy, M. Siobhan
Purpose To assess 1) the cumulative greenhouse gas emissions –GHG- and global warming potential (methane – CH4- and nitrous oxide) from rice fields in the growing and fallow seasons, and 2) the environmental and agronomic drivers of CH4 emissions, and their relative capacity to explain CH4 variation. Methods A two-year multisite field experiment covering the agronomic and environmental variability of a rice growing area in NE Iberian Peninsula was conducted with monthly samplings of GHG and monitoring of both environmental and agronomic factors. Information-theoretic framework analysis was used to assess the relative contribution of the environmental and agronomic variables on methane emissions. Results Two thirds of the CH4 is emitted in the fallow season. Edaphic factors exert more influence during the growing season whereas agronomic factors have a higher impact in the fallow. The implications of these findings on the design of improved mitigation options rice are discussed. Conclusions Soils with higher soil sulphate concentration, bulk density and clay content emit less CH4 in growing season. In the fallow season, the rates of both straw input and nitrogen fertilization stimulate CH4 emissions.
574 - Ecologia general i biodiversitat
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Plant and Soil
Martínez-Eixarch, Maite, Carles Alcaraz, Marc Viñas, Joan Noguerol, Xavier Aranda, Frances-Xavier Prenafeta-Boldú, Mar Català-Forner, M. Siobhan Fennessy, and Carles Ibáñez. 2021. "The Main Drivers Of Methane Emissions Differ In The Growing And Flooded Fallow Seasons In Mediterranean Rice Fields". Plant And Soil. doi:10.1007/s11104-020-04809-5.
Grant agreement number
INIA/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad/RTA2014-00058-C03-03/ES/Mitigación y adaptación al cambio climático en arrozales costeros: definición de buenas prácticas para reducir emisiones y valoración de variedades tolerantes a la salinidad/
EC/LIFE/LIFE13 ENV-ES-001182/EU/Adaptation and mitigation measures to climate change in the Ebro Delta/EBRO-ADMICLIM
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