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dc.contributor.authorEFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW)
dc.contributor.authorNielsen, Søren Saxmose
dc.contributor.authorAlvarez, Julio
dc.contributor.authorBicout, Dominique Joseph
dc.contributor.authorCalistri, Paolo
dc.contributor.authorDepner, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorDrewe, Julian Ashley
dc.contributor.authorGarin‐Bastuji, Bruno
dc.contributor.authorGonzales Rojas, Jose Luis
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Christian Gortázar
dc.contributor.authorMichel, Virginie
dc.contributor.authorMiranda Chueca, Miguel Ángel
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Helen Clare
dc.contributor.authorSihvonen, Liisa Helena
dc.contributor.authorSpoolder, Hans
dc.contributor.authorStahl, Karl
dc.contributor.authorVelarde, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorViltrop, Arvo
dc.contributor.authorCandiani, Denise
dc.contributor.authorVan der Stede, Yves
dc.contributor.authorWinckler, Christoph
dc.contributor.otherProducció Animalca
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-04T09:23:29Z
dc.date.available2021-02-04T09:23:29Z
dc.date.issued2020-11-03
dc.identifier.citationNielsen, Søren Saxmose, Julio Alvarez, Dominique Joseph Bicout, Paolo Calistri, Klaus Depner, Julian Ashley Drewe, and Bruno Garin‐Bastuji et al. 2020. "Welfare Of Cattle At Slaughter". EFSA Journal 18 (11). doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6275.ca
dc.identifier.issn1831-4732ca
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12327/1071
dc.description.abstractThe killing of cattle for human consumption (slaughtering) can take place in a slaughterhouse or on farm. The processes of slaughtering that were assessed for welfare, from the arrival of cattle until their death (including slaughtering without stunning), were grouped into three main phases: pre‐stunning (including arrival, unloading from the truck, lairage, handling and moving of cattle); stunning (including restraint); and bleeding. Stunning methods were grouped into two categories: mechanical and electrical. Twelve welfare consequences that cattle may be exposed to during slaughter were identified: heat stress, cold stress, fatigue, prolonged thirst, prolonged hunger, impeded movement, restriction of movements, resting problems (inability to rest or discomfort during resting), social stress, pain, fear and distress. Welfare consequences and their relevant animal‐based measures are described. In total, 40 welfare hazards that could occur during slaughter were identified and characterised, most of them related to stunning and bleeding. Staff were identified as the origin of 39 hazards, which were attributed to the lack of appropriate skill sets needed to perform tasks or to fatigue. Measures to prevent and correct hazards were identified, and structural and managerial measures were identified as those with a crucial role in prevention. Outcome tables linking hazards, welfare consequences, animal‐based measures, origin of hazards, and preventive and corrective measures were developed for each process. Mitigation measures to minimise welfare consequences are proposed.ca
dc.format.extent107ca
dc.language.isoengca
dc.publisherWileyca
dc.relation.ispartofEFSA Journalca
dc.rightsAttribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalca
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/*
dc.titleWelfare of cattle at slaughterca
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca
dc.description.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionca
dc.rights.accessLevelinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.embargo.termscapca
dc.subject.udc636ca
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6275ca
dc.contributor.groupBenestar Animalca


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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/