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dc.contributor.authorFranzo, Giovanni
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Albert
dc.contributor.authorGrassi, Laura
dc.contributor.authorSibila, Marina
dc.contributor.authorDrigo, Michele
dc.contributor.authorSegalés, Joaquim
dc.contributor.otherProducció Animalca
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-17T10:04:00Z
dc.date.available2021-02-17T10:04:00Z
dc.date.issued2020-05-31
dc.identifier.citationFranzo, Giovanni, Albert Ruiz, Laura Grassi, Marina Sibila, Michele Drigo, and Joaquim Segalés. 2020. "Lack Of Porcine Circovirus 4 Genome Detection In Pig Samples From Italy And Spain". Pathogens 9 (6): 433. doi:10.3390/pathogens9060433.ca
dc.identifier.issn2076-0817ca
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12327/1096
dc.description.abstractThe genus Circovirus includes several species and mostly causes asymptomatic infections. Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2) and, with increasing evidence, Porcine circovirus 3 (PCV-3), have been associated with different clinical conditions all over the world. In 2019, a new porcine circovirus (PCV-4) was identified from diseased animals in China. Because of the lessons learned from PCV-2 and PCV-3, it appears mandatory to investigate the actual distribution of this new virus and its potential association with clinical outcomes. To this purpose, an exploratory study to detect PCV-4 by molecular methods was performed in Italy and Spain by testing more than 300 samples of different types (serum and tissues), collected from both healthy and diseased pigs and wild boar as well. All samples, independently from the country, type, health status and host, tested PCV-4 negative. Therefore, no evidence of PCV-4 presence was found in Italy and Spain through this exploratory study. Considering the dense pig trade among European countries, its presence in the continent can similarly be considered unlikely. The reasons behind the restricted PCV-4 distribution compared to other porcine circoviruses will require further investigations. Careful surveillance might nevertheless be important since prompt recognition of PCV-4 would allow the implementation of effective countermeasures to prevent its spreading and potential economic losses.ca
dc.format.extent6ca
dc.language.isoengca
dc.publisherMDPIca
dc.relation.ispartofPathogensca
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalca
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleLack of Porcine circovirus 4 Genome Detection in Pig Samples from Italy and Spainca
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca
dc.description.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionca
dc.rights.accessLevelinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.embargo.termscapca
dc.subject.udc619ca
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9060433ca
dc.contributor.groupSanitat Animalca


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