Dual quantitative PCR assay for identification and enumeration of Karlodinium veneficum and Karlodinium armiger combined with a simple and rapid DNA extraction method
Andree, Karl B.
Karlodinium is a dinoflagellate genus responsible for massive fish mortality events worldwide. It is commonly found in Alfacs Bay (NW Mediterranean Sea), where the presence of two Karlodinium species (K. veneficum and K. armiger) with different toxicities has been reported. Microscopy analysis is not able to differentiate between these two species. Therefore, new and rapid methods that accurately and specifically detect and differentiate these two species are crucial to facilitate routine monitoring, to provide early warnings and to study population dynamics. In this work, a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) method to detect and enumerate K. veneficum and K. armiger is presented. The ITS1 region of the ribosomal DNA was used to design species-specific primers. The specificity of the primers together with the melting curve profile provided a reliable qualitative identification and discrimination between the two Karlodinium species. Additionally, a simple and rapid DNA extraction method was used. Standard curves were constructed from 10-fold dilutions of cultured microalgae cells. Finally, the applicability of the assay was tested with field samples collected from Alfacs Bay. Results showed a significant correlation between qPCR determinations and light microscopy counts (y = 2.838 x + 564; R2 = 0.936). Overall, the qPCR method developed herein is specific, rapid, accurate, and promising for the detection of these two Karlodinium species in environmental samples.
63 - Agricultura. Silvicultura. Zootècnia. Caça. Pesca
Is part of
Journal of Applied Phycology
Toldrà, Anna, Karl B. Andree, Margarita Fernández-Tejedor, Jorge Diogène, and Mònica Campàs. 2018. "Dual Quantitative PCR Assay For Identification And Enumeration Of Karlodinium Veneficum And Karlodinium Armiger Combined With A Simple And Rapid DNA Extraction Method". Journal Of Applied Phycology 30 (4): 2435-2445. Springer Nature America, Inc. doi:10.1007/s10811-018-1446-x
Grant agreement number
MINECO/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad/BIO2014-56024-C2-2-R/ES/MICROSISTEMAS PARA LA DETECCION RAPIDA, FIABLE Y RENTABLE DE MICROALGAS TOXICAS IN SITU Y A TIEMPO REAL/SEASENSING
MINECO/Programa Nacional de Cooperación Público-Privada/IPT-2011-1707-310000/ES/Sistema de Observación y Alerta de Proliferación de Microalgas Nocivas en Zonas de Producción Acuícola Marina/PURGADEMAR
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