Capacity of the potentially toxic diatoms Pseudo-nitzschia mannii and Pseudo-nitzschia hasleana to tolerate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Melliti Ben Garali, Sondes
Ben Othman, Hiba
de la Iglesia, Pablo
Andree, Karl B.
Hlaili, Asma Sakka
This study investigates the effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on two potentially toxic Pseudo-nitzschia hasleana and P. mannii, isolated from a PAH contaminated marine environment. Both species, maintained in non-axenic cultures, have been exposed during 144 h to increasing concentrations of a 15 PAHs mixture. Analysis of the domoic acid, showed very low concentrations. Dose–response curves for growth and photosynthesis inhibition were determined. Both species have maintained their growth until the end of incubation even at the highest concentration tested (120 µg l-1), Nevertheless, P mannii showed faster growth and seemed to be more tolerant than P. hasleana. To reduce PAH toxicity, both species have enhanced their biovolume, with a higher increase for P. mannii relative to P hasleana. Both species were also capable of bio-concentrating PAHs and were able to degrade them probably in synergy with their associated bacteria. The highest biodegradation was observed for P. mannii, which could harbored more efficient hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria. This study provides the first evidence that PAHs can control the growth and physiology of potentially toxic diatoms. Future studies should investigate the bacterial community associated with Pseudo-nitzschia species, as responses to pollutants or to other environmental stressors could be strongly influence by associated bacteria.
574 - Ecologia general i biodiversitat
Is part of
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Melliti Ben Garali, Sondes, Inès Sahraoui, Hiba Ben Othman, Abdessalem Kouki, Pablo de la Iglesia, Jorge Diogène, and Céline Lafabrie et al. 2021. "Capacity Of The Potentially Toxic Diatoms Pseudo-Nitzschia Mannii And Pseudo-Nitzschia Hasleana To Tolerate Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons". Ecotoxicology And Environmental Safety 214: 112082. doi:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2021.112082.
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