Inactivation of Salmonella enterica, Listeria monocytogenes and murine norovirus (MNV-1) on fresh strawberries by conventional and water-assisted ultraviolet light (UV-C)
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The efficacy of the water-assisted ultraviolet-C light (WUVC) strategy was evaluated as an alternative to chlorine sanitization and compared to ‘conventional’ dry technology (DUVC) for the inactivation of Salmonella enterica, Listeria monocytogenes and murine norovirus (MNV-1) on strawberries. Strawberries were washed in a laboratory scale prototype (LAB-UVC-Gama) consisting of a tank filled with water, equipped with 4 UV-C lamps emitting a dose of 0.6, 1.3, 3.2 and 6.3 kJ m−2. For DUVC, the same doses were used. Moreover, trials with the 4 lamps off with water, or with a chlorine solution (200 ppm, pH 6.5), were carried out as a control treatment. Reductions of artificially inoculated L. monocytogenes and S. enterica, and the infectivity of MNV-1 after WUVC treatments were comparable to those obtained with chlorine-wash, which were equivalent with all irradiation doses tested for all microorganisms studied (P < 0.05). The implementation of the WUVC strategy improved the DUVC system after 2-min exposure (1.3 kJ m−2), by 1.2 and 1.6 log for S. enterica and L. monocytogenes, respectively. At 3.2 kJ m-2 dose (5 min), WUVC enhanced the inactivation of S. enterica compared with control washing treatment by 1.5 log. After 10 min, pathogenic bacteria were reduced by > 4 log by WUVC treatment and chlorine sanitization. For MNV-1 reductions, we reported > 1.4 log TCID50 with 95 % certainty with the different treatments and exposure times after decontamination procedures. For MNV-1, the increase in the irradiation dose (kJ m−2) applied did not affect their reduction on strawberries. Moreover, WUVC light was effective at significantly reducing the microorganisms in wash water, avoiding cross-contamination and thus, allowing water recirculation. The results obtained in the present study provide new tools to ensure the safety of strawberries intended to be processed, contributing to affording a more innovative and sustainable future for the food industry. However, industry operation studies are needed to conclude that the treatments tested in the present study are a good alternative to chlorine.
632 - Malalties i protecció de les plantes
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Postharvest Biology and Technoogy
Ortiz-Solà, J., I. Abadias, P. Colàs-Medà, M. Anguera, and I. Viñas. 2021. "Inactivation Of Salmonella Enterica, Listeria Monocytogenes And Murine Norovirus (MNV-1) On Fresh Strawberries By Conventional And Water-Assisted Ultraviolet Light (UV-C)". Postharvest Biology And Technology 174: 111447. doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2020.111447.
Grant agreement number
MINECO/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad/AGL2016-78086-R/ES/ESTRATEGIAS DE MITIGACION DE LOS PROBLEMAS ASOCIADOS A PATOGENOS DE TRANSMISION ALIMENTARIA PARA MEJORAR LA CALIDAD E INOCUIDAD DE FRESAS CONGELADAS Y LISTAS PARA EL CONSUMO/FRESAFE
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