Characterization of Japanese Plum (Prunus salicina) PsMYB10 Alleles Reveals Structural Variation and Polymorphisms Correlating With Fruit Skin Color
García-Gómez, Beatriz E.
Aranzana, Maria José
The red to blue hue of plant organs is caused due to anthocyanins, which are water-soluble flavonoid pigments. The accumulation of these pigments is regulated by a complex of R2R3-MYB transcription factors (TFs), basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH), and WD-repeat (WDR) proteins (MBW complex). In Rosaceae species, R2R3-MYBs, particularly MYB10 genes, are responsible for part of the natural variation in anthocyanin colors. Japanese plum cultivars, which are hybrids of Prunus salicina, have high variability in the color hue and pattern, going from yellow-green to red and purple-blue, probably as a result of the interspecific hybridization origin of the crop. Because of such variability, Japanese plum can be considered as an excellent model to study the color determination in Rosaceae fruit tree species. Here, we cloned and characterized the alleles of the PsMYB10 genes in the linkage group LG3 region where quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for the organ color have been mapped to other Prunus species. Allele segregation in biparental populations as well as in a panel of varieties, combined with the whole-genome sequence of two varieties with contrasting fruit color, allowed the organization of the MYB10 alleles into haplotypes. With the help of this strategy, alleles were assigned to genes and at least three copies of PsMYB10.1 were identified in some varieties. In total, we observed six haplotypes, which were able to characterize 91.36% of the cultivars. In addition, two alleles of PsMYB10.1 were found to be highly associated with anthocyanin and anthocyanin-less skin. Their expression during the fruit development confirms their role in the fruit skin coloration. Here, we provide a highly efficient molecular marker for the early selection of colored or non-colored fruits in Japanese plum breeding programs.
633 - Cultius i produccions
Is part of
Frontiers in Plant Science
Fiol, Arnau, Beatriz E. García-Gómez, Federico Jurado-Ruiz, Konstantinos Alexiou, Werner Howad, and Maria José Aranzana. 2021. "Characterization Of Japanese Plum (Prunus Salicina) Psmyb10 Alleles Reveals Structural Variation And Polymorphisms Correlating With Fruit Skin Color". Frontiers In Plant Science 12. doi:10.3389/fpls.2021.655267.
Grant agreement number
MICIU/Programa Estatal de generación del conocimiento y fortalecimiento científico y tecnológico del sistema I+D+I/CEX2019-000902-S/ES/ /
MINECO/Programa Estatal de fomento de la investigación científica y técnica de excelencia/SEV-2015-0533/ES/ /
MICIU/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad/RTI2018-100795-B-I00/ES/HERRAMIENTAS MOLECULARES PARA LA MEJORA GENETICA DE CARACTERES DE CALIDAD EN MELOCOTONERO Y OTROS PRUNUS/
Genòmica i Biotecnologia
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- ARTICLES CIENTÍFICS 
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