Effect of β-Glucans in Diets on Growth, Survival, Digestive Enzyme Activity, and Immune System and Intestinal Barrier Gene Expression for Tropical Gar (Atractosteus tropicus) Juveniles
Nieves-Rodríguez, Karen N.
Álvarez-González, Carlos Alfonso
Peña-Marín, Emyr S.
Guzmán-Villanueva, Laura T.
Andree, Karl B.
The application of β-1,3/1,6-glucan derived from yeast at five concentrations (0%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, and 2.0%) in formulated diets was evaluated in juveniles for its effects on the growth, survival, digestive enzymatic activity, and expression of genes associated with the immune system (interlukin-10 (IL-10), transforming growth factor (TGF), occludin (OCC), mucin2 (MUC2), lysozyme (LYS), and nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2)) in tropical gar (Atractosteus tropicus). For the experiment, three replicates of 30 fish per experimental unit (70 L) were cultivated for 62 days. The growth results showed no statistically significant differences in relation to weight and total length between treatments. The activity of digestive enzymes (alkaline proteases, trypsin, leucine aminopeptidase, and amylase) did not show significant differences between treatments, except for chymotrypsin activity, where fish fed 1.0% and 1.5% of β-glucans showed higher activities compared with the rest of the treatments. On the other hand, the analysis of gene expression did not show significant differences between treatments, although a tendency of increase in the expression of IL-10, TGF, MUC2, and OCC was observed with an addition of 1.5% of the prebiotic, but there was a decrease in the fish fed with 2% of the prebiotic. It is possible to include concentrations of between 0.5% and 1.5% of β-glucans in the diets for A. tropicus, with no detectable adverse effects on growth, survival, digestive enzyme activity, or specific gene expression. β-glucan 1,3/1,6 added at 1.0% and 1.5% in the diet significantly increases chymotrypsin activity.
639 - Caça. Pesca. Piscicultura
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Nieves-Rodríguez, Karen, Carlos Álvarez-González, Emyr Peña-Marín, Fernando Vega-Villasante, Rafael Martínez-García, Susana Camarillo-Coop, Dariel Tovar-Ramírez, Laura Guzmán-Villanueva, Karl Andree, and Enric Gisbert. 2018. "Effect Of Β-Glucans In Diets On Growth, Survival, Digestive Enzyme Activity, And Immune System And Intestinal Barrier Gene Expression For Tropical Gar (Atractosteus Tropicus) Juveniles". Fishes 3 (3): 27. MDPI AG. doi:10.3390/fishes3030027.
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