Impact of dietary porcine blood by-products in meagre (Argyrosomus regius) physiology, evaluated by welfare biomarkers and the antibacterial properties of the skin mucus
Firmino, Joana P.
de Borba, Maude R.
Tools are required for quick and easy preliminary evaluation of functional feeds efficiency on fisheries. The analysis of skin mucus biomarkers is a recent alternative approach providing a faster feed-back from the laboratory which is characterized by being less invasive, more rapid and with reduced costs. The effect of replacing fishmeal and fish protein hydrolysates by means of two porcine by-products, the porcine spray-dried plasma (SDPP) and pig protein hydrolysate (PPH), in compound diets (50.4% crude protein, 16.2% crude protein, 22.1 MJ/kg feed) was evaluated in juvenile meagre (Argyrosomus regius) during a two-months period. To determine the impact of these dietary replacements, growth and food performance were measured together with digestive enzymes activities and filet proximal composition. Additionally, skin mucus was collected and characterized by determining main mucus biomarkers (protein, glucose, lactate, cortisol, and antioxidant capacity) and its antibacterial properties, measured by the quick in vitro co-culture challenges. In comparison to the control group, the inclusion of PPH and SDPP, in meagre diets reduced growth (7.4–8.8% in body weight), increased feed conversion ratios (9.0–10.0%), results that were attributed to a reduction in feed intake values (24.2–33.0%) (P < 0.05). Porcine blood by-products did not modify the activity of gastric and pancreatic digestive enzymes as well as those involved in nutrient absorption (alkaline phosphatase) nor liver oxidative stress condition (P > 0.05). In contrast, a reduction in fillet lipid content associated to an increase in fillet protein levels were found in fish fed SDPP and PPH diets (P < 0.05). As compared to the control diet, the dietary replacement did not alter the levels of the skin mucus biomarkers related to stress (cortisol and antioxidant capacity) or nutritional status (soluble protein, glucose and lactate) (P > 0.05). Interestingly, regardless of the worst performance in somatic growth, meagre fed diets containing both tested porcine by-products showed a significantly improved antibacterial capacity of their skin mucus. This enhancement was more prominent for fish fed with the PPH diet, which may be attributed to a higher content of immunomodulatory bioactive compounds in PPH. Further research will be necessary to provide insights on how the inclusion of SDPP and PPH, at the expense of dietary fishmeal and fish protein hydrolysates, affects feed intake and growth performance in meagre. However, the use of skin mucus biomarkers has been demonstrated to be an excellent methodology for a preliminary characterization of the functional feeds, in particular for their prophylactic properties by the study of mucus antibacterial activity.
637 - Productes dels animals domèstics, de la caça i de la pesca
Is part of
Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Fernández-Alacid, Laura, Joana P. Firmino, Ignasi Sanahuja, Cristina Madrid, Javier Polo, Maude R. de Borba, Carlos Balsalobre, Enric Gisbert, and Antoni Ibarz. 2021. "Impact Of Dietary Porcine Blood By-Products In Meagre (Argyrosomus Regius) Physiology, Evaluated By Welfare Biomarkers And The Antibacterial Properties Of The Skin Mucus". Fish & Shellfish Immunology 118: 241-250. doi:10.1016/j.fsi.2021.09.011.
Grant agreement number
MICIU/Programa Estatal de promoción del talento y su empleabilidad en I+D+I/PID2019-106878RB-I00/ES/Modulación de las propiedades del mucus de la piel por dietas funcionales y las condiciones de cultivo de dorada y trucha: regulación, control y aplicaciones en la acuicultura/
MAPAMA/JACUMAR/ /ES/Estrategias nutricionales para la mejora en el rendimiento productivo: uso de piensos funcionales y dietas salud en acuicultura/DIETAplus
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- ARTICLES CIENTÍFICS 
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