Sequence edition of single domains modulates the final immune and antimicrobial potential of a new generation of multidomain recombinant proteins
Cobo, Eduardo R.
Combining several innate immune peptides into a single recombinant antimicrobial and immunomodulatory polypeptide has been recently demonstrated. However, the versatility of the multidomain design, the role that each domain plays and how the sequence edition of the different domains affects their final protein activity is unknown. Parental multidomain antimicrobial and immunomodulatory protein JAMF1 and several protein variants (JAMF1.2, JAMF2 and AM2) have been designed and recombinantly produced to explore how the tuning of domain sequences affects their immunomodulatory potential in epithelial cells and their antimicrobial capacity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The replacement of the sequence of defensin HD5 and phospholipase sPLA2 by shorter active fragments of both peptides improves the final immunomodulatory (IL-8 secretion) and antimicrobial function of the multidomain protein against antimicrobial-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterococcus spp. Further, the presence of Jun and Fos leucine zippers in multidomain proteins is crucial in preventing toxic effects on producer cells. The generation of antimicrobial proteins based on multidomain polypeptides allows specific immunomodulatory and antimicrobial functions, which can be easily edited by modifying of each domain sequence.
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Roca-Pinilla, Ramon, Ravi Holani, Adrià López-Cano, Cristina Saubi, Ricardo Baltà-Foix, Eduardo R. Cobo, Elena Garcia-Fruitós, and Anna Arís. 2021. "Sequence Edition Of Single Domains Modulates The Final Immune And Antimicrobial Potential Of A New Generation Of Multidomain Recombinant Proteins". Scientific Reports 11 (1). doi:10.1038/s41598-021-03220-z.
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