Functional longevity in five rabbit lines founded on different criteria: Comparison at foundation and at fixed times after selection
EL Nagar, Ayman G.
Santacreu, María A.
Sánchez, Juan Pablo
The enhancement of rabbit female functional longevity, that is the ability to avoid voluntary culling, is a paramount aspect for the sustainability of meat rabbit production; this trait represents a direct indicator of female robustness. The objective of our study was to compare the functional longevity of five rabbit lines at their foundation and at fixed times during their selection processes. Four of them are maternal lines (A, V, H and LP) selected for litter size at weaning. The fifth line is the paternal line R, founded and selected for post-weaning daily gain from 28 to 63 days. The comparison at foundation involved the complete data set (from March 1980 to March 2013; records of 15,670 does) and pedigree (19,405 animals). Latter comparisons were made when all lines shared the same environmental and management conditions, from March 1997 to September 1998 and from March 2011 to September 2012. In these second comparisons, the same model as that used in the comparison at foundation was used, but now the additive effect was excluded, only data from the corresponding periods were considered. At their foundation, lines V, H and LP showed larger functional longevity than lines A and R, being LP line that with the longest productive life. In the latter comparisons, lines A and R still showing the lowest functional longevities. However, as the selection process evolves, the differences between these two lines and the others were reduced. It could be concluded that the average longevity of a population greatly depends on the criteria followed for its foundation. In addition, along the selection for litter size, the differences of longevity between lines tend to decrease, this is due to an unintended selection for functional longevity, since only offspring from females reaching three parturitions are selected as breeding animals for the next generation.
636 - Explotació i cria d'animals. Cria del bestiar i d'animals domèstics
Is part of
Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics
EL Nagar, Ayman G., Manuel Baselga, Carlos Mínguez, María A. Santacreu, and Juan Pablo Sánchez. 2021. "Functional Longevity In Five Rabbit Lines Founded On Different Criteria: Comparison At Foundation And At Fixed Times After Selection". Journal Of Animal Breeding And Genetics 138 (4): 508-517. doi:10.1111/jbg.12543.
Grant agreement number
MICINN/Programa Nacional de Proyectos de Investigación Fundamental/AGL2011-30170-C02-01/ES/DIVERSIDAD GENETICA EN EL CONEJO DE CARNE. INTERACCIONES CON REPRODUCCION, CRECIMIENTO Y SALUD DIGESTIVA/
Genètica i Millora Animal
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