Interaction of direct and social genetic effects with feeding regime in growing rabbits
Sánchez, Juan P.
Background: Most rabbit production farms apply feed restriction at fattening because of its protective efect against digestive diseases that afect growing rabbits. However, it leads to competitive behaviour between cage mates, which is not observed when animals are fed ad libitum. Our aim was to estimate the contribution of direct (d) and social (s) genetic efects (also known as indirect genetic efects) to total heritable variance of average daily gain (ADG) in rabbits on diferent feeding regimens (FR), and the magnitude of the interaction between genotype and FR (G × FR). Methods: A total of 6264 contemporary kits were housed in cages of eight individuals and raised on full (F) or restricted (R) feeding to 75% of the ad libitum intake. A Bayesian analysis of weekly records of ADG (from 32 to 60 days of age) in rabbits on F and R was performed with a two-trait model including d and s. Results: The ratio between total heritable variance and phenotypic variance (T 2) was low (<0.10) and did not difer signifcantly between FR. However, the ratio between h2 (i.e. variance of d relative to phenotypic variance) and T 2 was ~0.52 and 0.86 for animals on R and F, respectively, thus s contributed more to the heritable variance of animals on R than on F. Feeding regimen also afected the sign and magnitude of the correlation between d and s, i.e. −0.5 and ~0 for animals on R and F, respectively. The posterior mean (posterior sd) of the correlation between estimated total breeding values (ETBV) of animals on R and F was 0.26 (0.20), indicating very strong G × FR interactions. The correlations between d and s in rabbits on F and R ranged from −0.47 (d on F and s on R) to 0.64. Conclusions: Our results suggest that selection of rabbits for ADG under F may completely fail to improve ADG in rabbits on R. Social genetic efects contribute substantially to ETBV of rabbits on R but not on F. Selection for ADG should be performed under production conditions regarding the FR, by accounting for s if the amount of food is limited.
636 - Explotació i cria d'animals. Cria del bestiar i d'animals domèstics
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Genetics Selection Evolution
Piles, Miriam, Ingrid David, Josep Ramon, Laurianne Canario, Oriol Rafel, Mariam Pascual, Mohamed Ragab, and Juan P. Sánchez. 2017. "Interaction Of Direct And Social Genetic Effects With Feeding Regime In Growing Rabbits". Genetics Selection Evolution 49 (1). doi:10.1186/s12711-017-0333-2.
Grant agreement number
INIA/Programa Nacional de Proyectos de Investigación Fundamental/RTA2011-00064-00-00/ES/Mejora genética de la eficacia alimentaria en especies prolíficas/
EC/H2020/633531/EU/Adapting the feed, the animal and the feeding techniques to improve the efficiency and sustainability of monogastric livestock production systems/Feed-a-Gene
Genètica i Millora Animal
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