An assessment of health management and biosecurity procedures in marine fish farming in Spain
Marine fish farming in Spain has experienced problems of performance due to losses caused by infectious diseases. Biosecurity and health management are identified by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) as current priorities for proper aquaculture governance. However, they both transcend the responsibility of farmers and require significant resources, concerted action and cooperation. This study presents the analysis of biosecurity practices on marine fish farms, through a questionnaire-based survey on biosecurity procedures and an analysis of health management practices for different stakeholders. The Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) technique was implemented, which identified the important threats and weaknesses faced by the sector, such as the risk of direct disease transmission between farms, the high likelihood of importing diseases through juvenile shipments, the chronic lack of communication between stakeholders, and the deficient coordination of health strategies. Strengths included awareness of prevention measures and the availability of expertize of health experts at most levels. On the other hand, the availability of experts together with the need to adapt governance to the current production systems were seen as opportunities. Health management measures themselves were actually already found to be adapted to the type of production but they varied between companies (i.e. categorization and diagnosis of mortalities). Nevertheless, the quality of expertize along the value chain provided by private and public laboratories, research institutes, Health Protection Groups, companies and veterinarians was noteworthy. However, there was still a need for all stakeholders involved in marine fish health to improve diagnostics, provide epidemiological information, biosecurity and prevention measures, as well as to promote transparency for better health governance.
637 - Productes dels animals domèstics, de la caça i de la pesca
Is part of
Muniesa, Ana, Dolors Furones, Chris Rodgers, and Bernardo Basurco. 2022. "An Assessment Of Health Management And Biosecurity Procedures In Marine Fish Farming In Spain". Aquaculture Reports 25: 101199. doi:10.1016/j.aqrep.2022.101199.
Grant agreement number
EC/H2020/727315/EU/Mediterranean Aquaculture Integrated Development/MedAID
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- ARTICLES CIENTÍFICS 
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