Eicosapentaenoic acid- and docosahexaenoic acid-rich fish oil in sow and piglet diets modifies blood oxylipins and immune indicators in both, sows and suckling piglets
Over the last decades, genetic selection has increased sows’ litter size. Consequently, there is a high proportion of piglets born with low weight which are vulnerable. Their viability may potentially be enhanced through early nutrition. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether including a fish oil rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the diets of the sow and piglets was able to increase concentrations of anti-inflammatory molecules in their blood. Thirty-six sows, in four consecutive batches, were randomly assigned to either a control diet with animal fat (15 g/kg in gestation and 30 g/kg in lactation) or an n-3 long-chain fatty acid (n-3 LCFA) diet from insemination until the end of lactation. From day 11 of lactation, piglets were also offered a diet containing 30 g/kg of animal fat or n-3 LCFA. To prepare the n-3 LCFA diet, 15 g/kg or 30 g/kg of animal fat in the control diet were replaced by an equivalent amount of solid fish oil for sows and piglets, respectively. All the sows were sampled for serum and plasma at day 108 of gestation and at weaning. Additionally, only for the first batch of sows, blood samples were also obtained at weaning from the two lightest (>800 g) and the two heaviest birth weight piglets in each litter. Serum fatty acids (FAs) were quantified by gas chromatography, plasma oxylipins by ultra-HPLC-MS and plasma immunoglobulins (Ig) and cytokines by ELISA. The n-3 LCFA diet increased the concentrations of n-3 FAs in gestating and lactating sows and in piglets (P < 0.001, P < 0.001 and P = 0.011, respectively), particularly EPA (P < 0.001, P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively) and DHA (P < 0.001, P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively), and also their oxygenated derivatives. In addition, fish oil increased plasma IgM in gestating and lactating sows (P = 0.014 and P = 0.008, respectively), interleukin (IL) 6 in sows at weaning (P = 0.012), and IL1β in piglets (P = 0.018). Birth BW of piglets, regardless of diet, slightly influenced some of the n-6-derived oxylipins. In conclusion, fish oil addition in diets increased the blood concentrations of n-3 FAs and their oxygenated derivatives, some of which have anti-inflammatory activity, in gestating and lactating sows and piglets, IgM in gestating and lactating sows, IL6 in lactating sows and IL1β in piglets.
636 - Animal husbandry and breeding in general. Livestock rearing. Breeding of domestic animals
Is part of
Llauradó-Calero, E., I. Badiola, I. Samarra, R. Lizardo, D. Torrallardona, E. Esteve-Garcia, and N. Tous. 2022. "Eicosapentaenoic Acid- And Docosahexaenoic Acid-Rich Fish Oil In Sow And Piglet Diets Modifies Blood Oxylipins And Immune Indicators In Both, Sows And Suckling Piglets". Animal 16 (10): 100634. doi:10.1016/j.animal.2022.100634.
Grant agreement number
INIA/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la Sociedad/RTA2017-00086-C02-01/ES/Suplementación pre y postnatal de ácidos grasos n-3 de cadena larga. Impacto sobre la supervivencia, el estado inmunitario y marcadores epigenéticos de los lechones en razas Comerciales/
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- ARTICLES CIENTÍFICS 
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/