Effect of environmental temperature, floor type and breed on skatole and indole concentrations in fat of females, immuno-castrated and entire males
Duarte Borges, Tâmara
de Mercado, Eduardo
Mateos-San Juan, Aranzazu
The present study was divided in two different trials. The aim of the first trial was to determine if the thresholds of detection of skatole and indole are achieved in females and in males vaccinated against the GnRF housed in two different type of floors and subject to control or high environmental temperatures. The aim of the second trial was to assess the effect of sire (Duroc crossbreed and Pietrain crossbreed) and heat stress on the concentration of skatole and indole in entire males. In the first trial, the animals subjected to heat stress on a concrete floor were found to be dirtier and to present higher skatole and indole concentrations than did animals from the control treatment in 100% slatted floors. In the second trial, although the animals were dirtier when subjected to high temperatures, no effect of the temperature was found in skatole/indole concentrations. The Duroc pigs were dirtier and had higher skatole and indole concentrations than did Pietrain pigs. It is concluded that even females or vaccinated males can reach values of skatole/indole close to the thresholds of sensory detection under conditions of dirtiness and heat stress. However, the relationship between heat, dirtiness and skatole/indole concentrations in fat were not confirmed in trial 2 using entire males.
636 - Animal husbandry and breeding in general. Livestock rearing. Breeding of domestic animals
Is part of
Dalmau, A., Borges, T. D., de Mercado, E., González, J., Juan, A. M., Huerta-Jiménez, M., Gómez-Izquierdo, E., Lizardo, R., Pallisera, J., Borrisser-Pairó, F., Esteve-Garcia, E., Panella-Riera, N. and Ovejero, I. Dalmau, Antoni, Tâmara Duarte Borges, Eduardo de Mercado, Joel González, Aranzazu Mateos-San Juan, Mariana Huerta-Jiménez, and Emilio Gómez-Izquierdo et al. 2019. "Effect Of Environmental Temperature, Floor Type And Breed On Skatole And Indole Concentrations In Fat Of Females, Immuno-Castrated And Entire Males". Livestock Science 220: 46-51. Elsevier BV. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2018.11.021.
Grant agreement number
INIA/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la Sociedad/RTA2013-00090-C02-01/ES/Estrategias alimentarias y de manejo para reducir los efectos del estrés térmico en caracteres productivos, de calidad de carne y de bienestar en el porcino criado en España/
INIA/Programa Estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la Sociedad/RTA2013-00090-C02-02/ES/Estrategias alimentarias y de manejo para reducir los efectos del estrés térmico en caracteres productivos, de calidad de carne y de bienestar en el porcino criado en España/
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