Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorSamnegård, Ulrika
dc.contributor.authorAlins, Georgina
dc.contributor.authorBoreux, Virginie
dc.contributor.authorBosch, Jordi
dc.contributor.authorGarcía, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorHappe, Anne‐Kathrin
dc.contributor.authorKlein, Alexandra‐Maria
dc.contributor.authorMiñarro, Marcos
dc.contributor.authorMody, Karsten
dc.contributor.authorPorcel, Mario
dc.contributor.authorRodrigo, Anselm
dc.contributor.authorRoquer‐Beni, Laura
dc.contributor.authorTasin, Marco
dc.contributor.authorHambäck, Peter A.
dc.contributor.otherProducció Vegetalca
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-20T14:48:07Z
dc.date.available2019-12-20T14:48:07Z
dc.date.issued2018-11-12
dc.identifier.citationSamnegård, Ulrika, Georgina Alins, Virginie Boreux, Jordi Bosch, Daniel García, Anne‐Kathrin Happe, and Alexandra‐Maria Klein et al. 2018. "Management Trade‐Offs On Ecosystem Services In Apple Orchards Across Europe: Direct And Indirect Effects Of Organic Production". Journal Of Applied Ecology 56 (4): 802-811. Wiley. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.13292.ca
dc.identifier.issn0021-8901ca
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12327/599
dc.description.abstractApple is considered the most important fruit crop in temperate areas and profitable production depends on multiple ecosystem services, including the reduction of pest damage and the provision of sufficient pollination levels. Management approaches present an inherent trade‐off as each affects species differently. We quantified the direct and indirect effects of management (organic vs. integrated pest management, IPM) on species richness, ecosystem services, and fruit production in 85 apple orchards in three European countries. We also quantified how habit composition influenced these effects at three spatial scales: within orchards, adjacent to orchards, and in the surrounding landscape. Organic management resulted in 48% lower yield than IPM, and also that the variation between orchards was large with some organic orchards having a higher yield than the average yield of IPM orchards. The lower yield in organic orchards resulted directly from management practices, and from higher pest damage in organic orchards. These negative yield effects were partly offset by indirect positive effects from more natural enemies and higher flower visitation rates in organic orchards. Two factors other than management affected species richness and ecosystem services. Higher cover of flowering plants within and adjacent to the apple trees increased flower visitation rates by pollinating insects and a higher cover of apple orchards in the landscape decreased species richness of beneficial arthropods. The species richness of beneficial arthropods in orchards was uncorrelated with fruit production, suggesting that diversity can be increased without large yield loss. At the same time, organic orchards had 38% higher species richness than IPM orchards, an effect that is likely due to differences in pest management. Synthesis and applications. Our results indicate that organic management is more efficient than integrated pest management in developing environmentally friendly apple orchards with higher species richness. We also demonstrate that there is no inherent trade‐off between species richness and yield. Development of more environmentally friendly means for pest control, which do not negatively affect pollination services, needs to be a priority for sustainable apple production.ca
dc.format.extent10ca
dc.language.isoengca
dc.publisherWileyca
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Applied Ecologyca
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalca
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleManagement trade‐offs on ecosystem services in apple orchards across Europe: Direct and indirect effects of organic productionca
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca
dc.description.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionca
dc.rights.accessLevelinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.embargo.termscapca
dc.relation.projectIDMINECO/ /PCIN-2014-145-C02-02/ES/Managing ecosystem services for fruit production in different European climates/EcoFruitca
dc.relation.projectIDMINECO/Programa Estatal de promoción del talento y su empleabilidad en I+D+I/RTA2013-00039-C03-02/ES/Servicios ecosistémicos de polinización y control de plagas en cultivos leñosos: efectos del paisaje y del manejo/ca
dc.subject.udc633ca
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13292ca
dc.contributor.groupFructiculturaca


Files in this item

 
 

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/