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dc.contributor.authorNielsen, Søren Saxmose
dc.contributor.authorAlvarez, Julio
dc.contributor.authorBicout, Dominique Joseph
dc.contributor.authorCalistri, Paolo
dc.contributor.authorDepner, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorDrewe, Julian Ashley
dc.contributor.authorGarin-Bastuji, Bruno
dc.contributor.authorGonzales Rojas, José Luis
dc.contributor.authorGortázar Schmidt, Christian
dc.contributor.authorMichel, Virginie
dc.contributor.authorMiranda Chueca, Miguel Ángel
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Helen Clare
dc.contributor.authorSihvonen, Liisa Helena
dc.contributor.authorStahl, Karl
dc.contributor.authorVelarde Calvo, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorViltrop, Arvo
dc.contributor.authorWinckler, Christoph
dc.contributor.authorBett, Bernard
dc.contributor.authorCetre-Sossah, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorChevalier, Veronique
dc.contributor.authorDevos, Clazien
dc.contributor.authorGubbins, Simon
dc.contributor.authorMonaco, Federica
dc.contributor.authorSotiria-Eleni, Antoniou
dc.contributor.authorBroglia, Alessandro
dc.contributor.authorAbrahantes, José Cortiñas
dc.contributor.authorDhollander, Sofie
dc.contributor.authorVan Der Stede, Yves
dc.contributor.authorZancanaro, Gabriele
dc.contributor.otherProducció Animalca
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-21T09:52:07Z
dc.date.available2020-04-21T09:52:07Z
dc.date.issued2020-03-06
dc.identifier.citationNielsen, Søren Saxmose, Julio Alvarez, Dominique Joseph Bicout, Paolo Calistri, Klaus Depner, Julian Ashley Drewe, and Bruno Garin‐Bastuji et al. 2020. "Rift Valley Fever – Epidemiological Update And Risk Of Introduction Into Europe". EFSA Journal 18 (3). Wiley. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6041.ca
dc.identifier.issn1831-4732ca
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12327/726
dc.description.abstractRift Valley fever (RVF) is a vector-borne disease transmitted by a broad spectrum of mosquito species, especially Aedes and Culex genus, to animals (domestic and wild ruminants and camels) and humans. Rift Valley fever is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and in the Arabian Peninsula, with periodic epidemics characterised by 5–15 years of inter-epizootic periods. In the last two decades, RVF was notified in new African regions (e.g. Sahel), RVF epidemics occurred more frequently and low-level enzootic virus circulation has been demonstrated in livestock in various areas. Recent outbreaks in a French overseas department and some seropositive cases detected in Turkey, Tunisia and Libya raised the attention of the EU for a possible incursion into neighbouring countries. The movement of live animals is the most important pathway for RVF spread from the African endemic areas to North Africa and the Middle East. The movement of infected animals and infected vectors when shipped by flights, containers or road transport is considered as other plausible pathways of introduction into Europe. The overall risk of introduction of RVF into EU through the movement of infected animals is very low in all the EU regions and in all MSs (less than one epidemic every 500 years), given the strict EU animal import policy. The same level of risk of introduction in all the EU regions was estimated also considering the movement of infected vectors, with the highest level for Belgium, Greece, Malta, the Netherlands (one epidemic every 228–700 years), mainly linked to the number of connections by air and sea transports with African RVF infected countries. Although the EU territory does not seem to be directly exposed to an imminent risk of RVFV introduction, the risk of further spread into countries neighbouring the EU and the risks of possible introduction of infected vectors, suggest that EU authorities need to strengthen their surveillance and response capacities, as well as the collaboration with North African and Middle Eastern countries.ca
dc.format.extent72ca
dc.language.isoengca
dc.publisherWileyca
dc.relation.ispartofEFSA Journalca
dc.rightsAttribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalca
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/*
dc.titleRift Valley Fever – epidemiological update and risk of introduction into Europeca
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca
dc.description.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionca
dc.rights.accessLevelinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.embargo.termscapca
dc.subject.udc636ca
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6041ca
dc.contributor.groupBenestar Animalca


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