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dc.contributor.authorEFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW)
dc.contributor.authorMore, Simon
dc.contributor.authorMiranda, Miguel Ángel
dc.contributor.authorBicout, Dominique
dc.contributor.authorBøtner, Anette
dc.contributor.authorButterworth, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorCalistri, Paolo
dc.contributor.authorDepner, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorGarin-Bastuji, Bruno
dc.contributor.authorGood, Margaret
dc.contributor.authorMichel, Virginie
dc.contributor.authorRaj, Mohan
dc.contributor.authorNielsen, Søren Saxmose
dc.contributor.authorSihvonen, Liisa
dc.contributor.authorSpoolder, Hans
dc.contributor.authorStegeman, Jan Arend
dc.contributor.authorThulke, Hans-Hermann
dc.contributor.authorVelarde, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorWilleberg, Preben
dc.contributor.authorWinckler, Christoph
dc.contributor.authorBaláz, Vojtech
dc.contributor.authorMartel, An
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Kris
dc.contributor.authorFabris, Chiara
dc.contributor.authorMunoz-Gajardo, Irene
dc.contributor.authorGogin, Andrey
dc.contributor.authorVerdonck, Frank
dc.contributor.authorGortázar Schmidt, Christian
dc.contributor.otherProducció Animalca
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-21T10:35:32Z
dc.date.available2020-04-21T10:35:32Z
dc.date.issued2018-04-30
dc.identifier.citationMore, Simon, Miguel Angel Miranda, Dominique Bicout, Anette Bøtner, Andrew Butterworth, Paolo Calistri, and Klaus Depner et al. 2018. "Risk Of Survival, Establishment And Spread Of Batrachochytrium Salamandrivorans (Bsal) In The EU". EFSA Journal 16 (4). Wiley. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5259.ca
dc.identifier.issn1831-4732ca
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12327/729
dc.description.abstractBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) is an emerging fungal pathogen of salamanders. Despite limited surveillance, Bsal was detected in kept salamanders populations in Belgium, Germany, Spain, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, and in wild populations in some regions of Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. According to niche modelling, at least part of the distribution range of every salamander species in Europe overlaps with the climate conditions predicted to be suitable for Bsal. Passive surveillance is considered the most suitable approach for detection of Bsal emergence in wild populations. Demonstration of Bsal absence is considered feasible only in closed populations of kept susceptible species. In the wild, Bsal can spread by both active (e.g. salamanders, anurans) and passive (e.g. birds, water) carriers; it is most likely maintained/spread in infected areas by contacts of salamanders or by interactions with anurans, whereas human activities most likely cause Bsal entry into new areas and populations. In kept amphibians, Bsal contamination via live silent carriers (wild birds and anurans) is considered extremely unlikely. The risk-mitigation measures that were considered the most feasible and effective: (i) for ensuring safer international or intra-EU trade of live salamanders, are: ban or restrictions on salamander imports, hygiene procedures and good practice manuals; (ii) for protecting kept salamanders from Bsal, are: identification and treatment of positive collections; (iii) for on-site protection of wild salamanders, are: preventing translocation of wild amphibians and release/return to the wild of kept/temporarily housed wild salamanders, and setting up contact points/emergency teams for passive surveillance. Combining several risk-mitigation measures improve the overall effectiveness. It is recommended to: introduce a harmonised protocol for Bsal detection throughout the EU; improve data acquisition on salamander abundance and distribution; enhance passive surveillance activities; increase public and professionals’ awareness; condition any movement of captive salamanders on Bsal known health status.ca
dc.format.extent78ca
dc.language.isoengca
dc.publisherWileyca
dc.relation.ispartofEFSA Journalca
dc.rightsAttribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalca
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/*
dc.titleRisk of survival, establishment and spread of Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) in the EUca
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca
dc.description.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionca
dc.rights.accessLevelinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.embargo.termscapca
dc.subject.udc636ca
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5259ca
dc.contributor.groupBenestar Animalca


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