Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorYeste, N.
dc.contributor.authorBassols, A.
dc.contributor.authorVidal, M.
dc.contributor.authorBach, A.
dc.contributor.authorTerré, M.
dc.contributor.otherProducció Animalca
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-14T13:08:44Z
dc.date.available2020-10-14T13:08:44Z
dc.date.issued2020-05-29
dc.identifier.citationYeste, N., A. Bassols, M. Vidal, A. Bach, and M. Terré. 2020. "Evaluating The Potential Role Of Tryptophan In Calf Milk Replacers To Facilitate Weaning". Journal Of Dairy Science 103 (8): 7009-7017. doi:10.3168/jds.2019-18088.ca
dc.identifier.issn0022-0302ca
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12327/922
dc.description.abstractTryptophan is a precursor of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that participates in the control of the affective state of an animal. We hypothesized that Trp supplementation could help dairy calves to cope with weaning stress. Twenty-seven Holstein male calves (48 ± 0.8 d old; 82 ± 2.6 kg of body weight) were used to evaluate the effects of Trp supplementation at a rate of 4.5 g/d via milk replacer (MR) on performance and behavioral parameters around weaning. All calves received the same feeding program (6 L/d at 15% dry matter from d 1 to 7, 4 L/d at 15% dry matter from d 8 to 14, and 2 L/d at 15% dry matter in one feeding until d 21 of study) and were completely weaned 22 d after the beginning of the study (around 70 d of life). Calves were fed a starter feed (19.3% crude protein and 16.2% neutral detergent fiber, on a dry matter basis) and chopped straw ad libitum. Animals were weighed weekly, dry matter intakes were recorded daily, lying behavior was recorded using accelerometers throughout the study, and scan sampling was performed twice a week, 1 h after the morning feeding, to record behavioral activity (nonnutritive oral behaviors, suckling a neighbor calf, standing, resting, rumination, vocalizations, eating, and drinking). Tryptophan supplementation did not affect calf performance or concentrate and MR intake, but straw intake tended to be greater in nonsupplemented compared with Trp-supplemented calves (153 vs. 129 ± 9.0 g/d, respectively). Lying time, lying bouts, and lying duration decreased when changes in the MR feeding program occurred, independent of treatment. Similarly, differences in behavioral observations occurred along days of study, with no effect of Trp supplementation. The main changes observed in calf behavior were an increase in vocalizations and standing time 1 h after the morning feeding at weaning, but again these changes were independent of treatment. Parameters measured in serum and plasma indicated an increase in Trp, kynurenine, and the kynurenine/Trp ratio after feeding in the Trp calves. A tendency for lower plasma glucose concentration after feeding was observed in the Trp group. No changes in stress markers such as cortisol and haptoglobin in serum were detected. In conclusion, supplementing 4.5 g/d of Trp via MR between 48 and 62 d of life had no effect on performance or behavior in calves around weaning.ca
dc.format.extent9ca
dc.language.isoengca
dc.publisherElsevierca
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dairy Scienceca
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalca
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.titleEvaluating the potential role of tryptophan in calf milk replacers to facilitate weaningca
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleca
dc.description.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionca
dc.rights.accessLevelinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.embargo.termscapca
dc.relation.projectIDMINECO/Programa Estatal de fomento de la investigación científica y técnica de excelencia/AGL2015-68463-C2-1-P/ES/DETERMINACION DE LOS AMINOACIDOS LIMITANTES PARA EL CRECIMIENTO DE LOS TERNEROS AMAMANTADOS Y SU FUNCIONALIDAD/ca
dc.relation.projectIDMINECO/Programa Estatal de fomento de la investigación científica y técnica de excelencia/AGL2015-68463-C2-2-P/ES/ESTUDIO MOLECULAR DE LOS EFECTOS DE LA SUPLEMENTACION DE AMINOACIDOS EN TERNEROS AMAMANTADOS MEDIANTE UNA APROXIMACION BIOQUIMICA Y PROTEOMICA/ca
dc.subject.udc59ca
dc.subject.udc619ca
dc.subject.udc63ca
dc.subject.udc636ca
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-18088ca
dc.contributor.groupProducció de Remugantsca


Files in this item

 

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/