Genetic analysis of functional longevity in a complete diallel crossing experiment involving four maternal rabbit lines
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EL Nagar, Ayman G.
Sánchez, Juan Pablo
In a diallel cross between four maternal lines of rabbits, the four maternal lines and the corresponding crossbred females (does) were evaluated concerning functional longevity, estimating their crossbreeding components. Sixteen genetic groups were produced by using four maternal lines of rabbit (A, V, H and LP (L)). The groups were distributed over 4 Spanish farms. In all farms, the V line was present as the reference group. A total of 7,211 does’ longevity records were recorded. Using a Cox proportional hazard model of fixed effects, survival analysis was performed to study longevity analysing the hazard of death or culling. Does from lines A, H and V had similar risks of death or of being culled, and they were more susceptible compared with those from line L. The lowest hazard was associated with L line does. No significant differences were found between the average of all crosses and the V line except when comparing the V line to the cross between A and H lines, favouring the former (1.30 higher risk of replacement for AH animals). Significant differences between reciprocal crosses were observed between VH and HV, in favour of HV (0.72 of relative risk of replacement) and between LH and HL, in favour of HL (0.76 of relative risk). Line V had the highest risk due to the direct genetic effects, and these differences were significant with the lines H (1.40 of relative risk) and L (1.43 of relative risk). The differences in maternal genetic effects were small and not significant except between lines H and V in favour of V line (0.75 of relative risk). The estimated direct heterosis effects do not always follow the same trend but they showed the importance of the crossing between specialized lines to produce crossbred does for intensive meat rabbit production.
636 - Explotació i cria d'animals. Cria del bestiar i d'animals domèstics
Is part of
Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Ragab, Mohamed, Manuel Baselga, Ayman G. EL Nagar, Carlos Mínguez, and Juan Pablo Sánchez. 2020. "Genetic Analysis Of Functional Longevity In A Complete Diallel Crossing Experiment Involving Four Maternal Rabbit Lines". Journal Of Animal Breeding And Genetics. doi:10.1111/jbg.12520.
Grant agreement number
MICINN/Programa Nacional de Proyectos de Investigación Fundamental/AGL2011-30170-C02-01/ES/DIVERSIDAD GENETICA EN EL CONEJO DE CARNE. INTERACCIONES CON REPRODUCCION, CRECIMIENTO Y SALUD DIGESTIVA/
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