Development of an antigen Enzyme-Linked AptaSorbent Assay (ELASA) for the detection of swine influenza virus in field samples
Klett-Mingo, Jose Ignacio
Martín-Valls, Gerard Eduard
González, Víctor Manuel
Rodríguez, María José
Influenza viruses are highly variable pathogens that infect a wide range of mammalian and avian species. According to the internal conserved proteins (nucleoprotein: NP, and matrix proteins: M), these viruses are classified into type A, B, C, and D. Influenza A virus in swine is of significant importance to the industry since it is responsible for endemic infections that lead to high economic loses derived from poor weight gain, reproductive disorders, and the role it plays in Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex (PRDC). To date, swine influenza virus (SIV) diagnosis continues to be based in complex and expensive technologies such as RT-qPCR. In this study, we aimed to improve actual tools by the implementation of aptamers as capture molecules. First, three different aptamers have been selected using as target the recombinant NP of Influenza A virus expressed in insect cells. Then, these molecules have been used for the development of an Enzyme-Linked AptaSorbent Assay (ELASA) in combination with specific monoclonal antibodies for Influenza A detection. A total of 171 field samples (nasal swabs) have been evaluated with the newly developed assay obtaining a 79.7% and 98.1% sensitivity and specificity respectively, using real time RT-PCR as standard assay. These results suggest that the assay is a promising method that could be used for Influenza A detection in analysis laboratories facilitating surveillance labours.
619 - Veterinària
Is part of
Analytica Chimica Acta
Aira, Cristina, Jose Ignacio Klett-Mingo, Tamara Ruiz, Ana Garcia-Sacristán, Gerard Eduard Martín-Valls, Enric Mateu, and Jaime Gómez-Laguna et al. 2021. "Development Of An Antigen Enzyme-Linked Aptasorbent Assay (ELASA) For The Detection Of Swine Influenza Virus In Field Samples". Analytica Chimica Acta 1181: 338933. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2021.338933.
Grant agreement number
CDTI/EUROSTARS-2/E9781/ES/Development of versatile multiplex antigen diagnostic tests for relevant infections of swine/MultiDETECT
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- ARTICLES CIENTÍFICS 
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