Detection and genotyping of Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV‐2) and detection of Porcine circovirus 3 (PCV‐3) in sera from fattening pigs of different European countries
Grosse Liesner, Bernd
PCV-2 is considered one of the most economically important viral agents in swine worldwide. Recently, PCV-3 has been found in pigs affected by different disorders and in healthy animals. The objective of this epidemiological work was to describe the frequency of detection of PCV-2 and PCV-3 in pig farms of 9 European countries. Moreover, a second aim was to assess the most frequent PCV-2 genotypes found in the studied farms. Sera from 5 to 10 pigs per farm were collected from 2 to 11 farms per studied country. A total of 624 sera of fattening pigs (10-25 week old) from 64 farms from Spain (n = 11), Belgium (n = 10), France (n = 8), Germany (n = 8), Italy (n = 7), Denmark (n = 8), the Netherlands (n = 5), Ireland (n = 5) and Sweden (n = 2) were analysed by conventional PCR. In addition, one or two PCV-2-positive samples per farm were genotyped by sequencing the ORF2 gene. PCV-3 PCR-positive samples with relatively low Ct values were also sequenced and phylogenetically analysed. PCV-2 DNA was detected in pig sera from all European tested countries, but Sweden. A total of 132 out of 624 (21%) sera were positive for PCV-2 PCR, corresponding to 30 out of the 64 (47%) tested farms. PCV-3 DNA was detected in 52 out of 624 (8%) sera, corresponding also to 30 out of the 64 (47%) studied farms from all tested countries. A total of 48 PCV-2 PCR-positive samples were successfully sequenced and genotyped, being PCV-2d the most frequently genotype found (n = 28), followed by PCV-2b (n = 11) and PCV-2a (n = 9). These results pointed out PCV-2d as the most prevalent genotype currently in Europe. The PCV-3 phylogenetic analysis showed high identity (>98%) among sequences from all the analysed countries. The relatively low co-infection (3%), likely suggest an independent circulation patterns of PCV-2 and PCV-3.
619 - Veterinària
Is part of
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Saporiti, Viviane, Eva Huerta, Florencia Correa‐Fiz, Bernd Grosse Liesner, Oliver Duran, Joaquim Segalés, and Marina Sibila. 2020. "Detection And Genotyping Of Porcine Circovirus 2 (PCV‐2) And Detection Of Porcine Circovirus 3 (PCV‐3) In Sera From Fattening Pigs Of Different European Countries". Transboundary And Emerging Diseases. Wiley. doi:10.1111/tbed.13596.
Grant agreement number
MINECO/Programa estatal de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad/E-RTA2017-00007-00-00/ES/Impacto de la infección por un nuevo circovirus porcino (PCV3) en España: desarrollo de herramientas diagnósticas, asociación con enfermedad y exploración de métodos de prevención y control/
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